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Adpositions

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN : 0191573469
Pages : 388 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (573 Download)

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Download Free Adpositions PDF by Claude Hagège Full Book and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2010-04-29 with total page 388 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This pioneering study is based on an analysis of over 200 languages, including African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are an almost universal part of speech. English has prepositions; some languages, such as Japanese, have postpositions; others have both; and yet others kinds that are not quite either. As grammatical tools they mark the relationship between two parts of a sentence: characteristically one element governs a noun or noun-like word or phrase while the other functions as a predicate. From the syntactic point of view, the complement of an adposition depends on a head: in this last sentence, for example, a head is the complement of on while on a head depends on depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie at the core of the grammar of most languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in everyday speech and writing. Claude Hagège examines their morphological features, syntactic functions, and semantic and cognitive properties. He does so for the subsets both of adpositions that express the relations of agent, patient, and beneficiary, and of those which mark space, time, accompaniment, or instrument. Adpositions often govern case and are sometimes gradually grammaticalized into case. The author considers the whole set of function markers, including case, that appear as adpositions and, in doing so, throws light on processes of morphological and syntactic change in different languages and language families. His book will be welcomed by typologists and by syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 9789027229861
Pages : 307 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (864 Download)

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Download Free Adpositions PDF by Dennis Kurzon Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2008 with total page 307 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is a collection of articles which deal with adpositions in a variety of languages and from a number of perspectives. Not only does the book cover what is traditionally treated in studies from a European and Semitic orientation – prepositions, but it presents studies on postpositions, too. The main languages dealt with in the collection are English, French and Hebrew, but there are articles devoted to other languages including Korean, Turkic languages, Armenian, Russian and Ukrainian. Adpositions are treated by some authors from a semantic perspective, by others as syntactic units, and a third group of authors distinguishes adpositions from the point of view of their pragmatic function. This work is of interest to students and researchers in theoretical and applied linguistics, as well as to those who have a special interest in any of the languages treated.

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Complex Adpositions in European Languages

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 3110686643
Pages : 410 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (686 Download)

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Download Free Complex Adpositions in European Languages PDF by Benjamin Fagard Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2020-10-26 with total page 410 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: While much attention has been devoted to simple nominal relators, especially prepositions and case markers, complex nominal relators have not yet been the focus of a systematic and cross-linguistic study. The chapters of this volume provide not only a working definition of such constructions, but also a description of complex adpositions and other complex nominal relators in a variety of European languages, both Indo-European and non-Indo-European, including some languages for which this phenomenon had received little attention, such as Breton and Albanian. Building on synchronic and diachronic corpus-based investigations, the authors show commonalities and specificities of these linguistic items across languages, trying to explain why and how they emerged. The research presented in this volume confirms the wide-spread use of complex adpositions in Europe, and the data reviewed in the final discussion suggests it might be the same in other parts of the world, as well. This book thus offers not only detailed descriptions of complex nominal relators in fifteen languages, but also indications of what to look for in other languages, and how to distinguish between a syntactically free sequence and a genuine complex nominal relator.

Download International Encyclopedia of Linguistics PDF Full

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

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Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
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ISBN : 0195139771
Pages : 2198 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (139 Download)

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Download Free International Encyclopedia of Linguistics PDF by William Frawley Full Book and published by Oxford University Press on Demand. This book was released on 2003-05 with total page 2198 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This updated edition contains over 900 articles, which provide a detailed overview of theory and research in all branches of linguistics. Every known language is covered and each article is followed by a detailed bibliography.

Download The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions PDF Full

The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions

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Pages : 207 pages
Rating : 4.R/5 (3 Download)

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Download Free The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions PDF by Anna Asbury Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2008 with total page 207 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Supporting evidence for this claim from several different languages is considered, the main analysis focusing on detailed studies of Hungarian and Finnish and the way in which they compare with English. Nothing in the Principles and Parameters approach to Case predicts the overlap between case and adpositions or the range and variability of cases. The existing possible solutions for such overlap have not been integrated into the standard approach to case. This dissertation seeks to fill this gap, proposing an integrated approach. The overlap of cases and adpositions is explained by their spelling out the same range of categories (P, D and Phi) in syntax, forming part of the extended projection of the noun, the difference being derived at the morphological level. The analyses presented focus largely on Hungarian and Finnish for detailed argumentation and exemplification of the mapping from syntax to morphology that would result in paradigms of syntactically non-equivalent objects.

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International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0199771782
Pages : 2218 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (771 Download)

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Download Free International Encyclopedia of Linguistics PDF by William J. Frawley Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2003-05-01 with total page 2218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, 2nd Edition encompasses the full range of the contemporary field of linguistics, including historical, comparative, formal, mathematical, functional, and philosophical linguistics with special attention given to interrelations within branches of linguistics and to relations of linguistics with other disciplines. Areas of intersection with the social and behavioral sciences--ethnolinguistics, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, and behavioral linguistics--receive major coverage, along with interdisciplinary work in language and literature, mathematical linguistics, computational linguistics, and applied linguistics. Longer entries in the International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, ranging up to four thousand words, survey the major fields of study--for example, anthropological linguistics, history of linguistics, semantics, and phonetics. Shorter entries treat specific topics within these fields, such as code switching, sound symbolism, and syntactic features. Other short entries define and discuss technical terms used within the various subfields or provide sketches of the careers of important scholars in the history of linguistics, such as Leonard Bloomfield, Roman Jakobson, and Edward Sapir. A major portion of the work is its extensive coverage of languages and language families. From those as familiar as English, Japanese, and the Romance languages to Hittite, Yoruba, and Nahuatl, all corners of the world receive treatment. Languages that are the subject of independent entries are analyzed in terms of their phonology, grammatical features, syntax, and writing systems. Lists attached to each article on a language group or family enumerate all languages, extinct or still spoken, within that group and provide detailed information on the number of known speakers, geographical range, and degree of intelligibility with other languages in the group. In this way, virtually every known language receives coverage. For ease of reference and to aid research, the articles are alphabetically arranged, each signed by the contributor, supported by up-to-date bibliographies, line drawings, maps, tables, and diagrams, and readily accessible via a system of cross-references and a detailed index and synoptic outline. Authoritative, comprehensive, and innovative, the 2nd edition of the International Encyclopedia of Linguistics will be an indispensable addition to personal, public, academic, and research libraries and will introduce a new generation of readers to the complexities and concerns of this field of study.

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Maltese

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 3110783878
Pages : 278 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (783 Download)

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Download Free Maltese PDF by Przemyslaw Turek Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2022-04-04 with total page 278 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'Studia typologica' ist der Titel der Beihefte zur Zeitschrift 'Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung/Language Typology and Universals (STUF)'. In den 'Studia typologica' werden Beiträge veröffentlicht, die vielversprechende neue Themen im Bereich der allgemein-vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaft ansprechen. Insbesondere empirisch gut fundierte Beiträge mit crosslinguistischer Orientierung, die neue Problemstellungen auf innovative Art präsentieren, sind in den 'Studia typologica' willkommen. Die Beiheftereihe unterstützt nachdrücklich Studien zu weniger gut erforschten Sprachen und/oder Phänomenen. Von großem Interesse für die 'Studia typologica' sind auch areal-typologische Arbeiten sowie Beiträge, die sich dem Zusammenspiel von Sprachkontakt und Sprachtypologie widmen. Die 'Studia typologica' sind theorie- und modellübergreifend als Forum für typologisch ausgerichtete Forschungsarbeiten gedacht. Die Beihefte umfassen sowohl Monographien als auch thematisch homogene Sammelbände. Alle eingehenden Manuskripte werden begutachtet (double blind). Die Publikationssprache ist Englisch.

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Finnic Adpositions and Cases in Change

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ISBN :
Pages : 235 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( Download)

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Download Free Finnic Adpositions and Cases in Change PDF by Riho Grünthal Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2003 with total page 235 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Adnominal Person in the Morphological System of Erzya PDF Full

Adnominal Person in the Morphological System of Erzya

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Publisher :
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ISBN : 9789525667233
Pages : 236 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (235 Download)

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Download Free Adnominal Person in the Morphological System of Erzya PDF by Jack Rueter Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2010 with total page 236 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Literaturverz. S. [213] - 236

Download Grammaticalization PDF Full

Grammaticalization

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9780521804219
Pages : 300 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (213 Download)

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Download Free Grammaticalization PDF by Paul J. Hopper Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2003-07-31 with total page 300 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions. The authors synthesize work from several areas of linguistics. The second edition has been thoroughly revised with substantial updates on theoretical and methodological issues that have arisen in the decade since the first edition, and includes a significantly expanded bibliography. Particular attention is paid to recent debates over directionality in change and the role of grammaticalization in creolization.

Download Structure and Function: Approaches to the simplex clause PDF Full

Structure and Function: Approaches to the simplex clause

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 9781588113573
Pages : 570 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (574 Download)

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Download Free Structure and Function: Approaches to the simplex clause PDF by Christopher Butler Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2003 with total page 570 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Volume one of a two volume set outlining and comparing three approaches to the study of language labelled 'structural-functionalist': functional grammar (FG); role and reference grammar (RRG); and systemic functional grammar (SFG).

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Adpositions of Movement

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ISBN :
Pages : 322 pages
Rating : 4.R/5 (3 Download)

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Download Free Adpositions of Movement PDF by Hubert Cuyckens Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2005 with total page 322 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As of Volume 9 (1994/95) John Benjamins Publishing Company is the official publisher of the Belgian Journal of Linguistics, the annual publication of the Linguistic Society of Belgium. Each volume is topical and includes selected papers from the international meetings organised by the LSB.

Download The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages PDF Full

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1351810278
Pages : 598 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (81 Download)

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Download Free The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages PDF by Daniel Siddiqi Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-09-25 with total page 598 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.

Download Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar PDF Full

Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 9027271585
Pages : 313 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (271 Download)

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Download Free Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar PDF by J. Lachlan Mackenzie Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2013-09-06 with total page 313 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides ten case studies in Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG), a typologically-oriented theory of the organization of natural languages that has risen to prominence in recent years. The authors, all committed practitioners of FDG, include Kees Hengeveld, the intellectual father of the theory, who shows how it offers a radically new approach to constituent ordering. Other themes covered are evidentiality, modality, adpositions, verb morphology, possession, raising, sequence of tenses, semi-fixed constructions and prelinguistic conceptualization. The volume contains an introduction that explains the rudiments of FDG and summarizes the ten remaining chapters. The Casebook moves on from Hengeveld & Mackenzie’s (2008) Functional Discourse Grammar to show how the theory is applied to linguistic problems new and old. The languages treated are Blackfoot, Dutch, English, Spanish, Welsh, indigenous languages of Brazil, and many others.

Download Advances in Iranian Linguistics PDF Full

Advances in Iranian Linguistics

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027260931
Pages : 309 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (26 Download)

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Download Free Advances in Iranian Linguistics PDF by Richard K. Larson Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2020-07-15 with total page 309 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume brings together selected papers from the first North American Conference in Iranian Linguistics, which was organized by the linguistics department at Stony Brook University. Papers were selected to illustrate the range of frameworks, diverse areas of research and how the boundaries of linguistic analysis of Iranian languages have expanded over the years. The contributions collected in this volume address advancing research and complex methodological explorations in a broad range of topics in Persian syntax, morphology, phonology, semantics, typology and classification, as well as historical linguistics. Some of the papers also investigate less-studied and endangered Iranian languages such as Tat, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Sorani and Kurmanji Kurdish, and Zazaki. The volume will be of value to scholars in theoretical frameworks as well as those with typological and diachronic perspectives, and in particular to those working in Iranian linguistics.

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Chinese Lexical Semantics

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3642451853
Pages : 718 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (451 Download)

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Download Free Chinese Lexical Semantics PDF by Pengyuan Liu Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2013-12-12 with total page 718 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book constitutes the refereed selected papers from the 14th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2013, held in Zhengzhou, China, in May 2013. The 68 full papers and 4 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 153 submissions. They are organized in topical sections covering all major topics of lexical semantics; lexical resources; corpus linguistics and applications on natural language processing.

Download Cognitive Foundations of Grammar PDF Full

Cognitive Foundations of Grammar

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Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
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ISBN : 0195102517
Pages : 196 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (12 Download)

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Download Free Cognitive Foundations of Grammar PDF by Bernd Heine Full Book and published by Oxford University Press on Demand. This book was released on 1997 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The author argues that, as the main function of language is to convey meaning, language structure must be considered with reference to this function. A treatment is provided of the ways in which structure and usage can be explained with reference to the processes underlying human conceptualization.