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From Dust to Life

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN : 0691175705
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (175 Download)

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Download Free From Dust to Life PDF by John Chambers Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2017-05-02 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The birth and evolution of our solar system is a tantalizing mystery that may one day provide answers to the question of human origins. From Dust to Life tells the remarkable story of how the celestial objects that make up the solar system arose from common beginnings billions of years ago, and how scientists and philosophers have sought to unravel this mystery down through the centuries, piecing together the clues that enabled them to deduce the solar system's layout, its age, and the most likely way it formed. Drawing on the history of astronomy and the latest findings in astrophysics and the planetary sciences, John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton offer the most up-to-date and authoritative treatment of the subject available. They examine how the evolving universe set the stage for the appearance of our Sun, and how the nebulous cloud of gas and dust that accompanied the young Sun eventually became the planets, comets, moons, and asteroids that exist today. They explore how each of the planets acquired its unique characteristics, why some are rocky and others gaseous, and why one planet in particular--our Earth--provided an almost perfect haven for the emergence of life. From Dust to Life is a must-read for anyone who desires to know more about how the solar system came to be. This enticing book takes readers to the very frontiers of modern research, engaging with the latest controversies and debates. It reveals how ongoing discoveries of far-distant extrasolar planets and planetary systems are transforming our understanding of our own solar system's astonishing history and its possible fate.

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Solar System Evolution

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9780521641302
Pages : 460 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (36 Download)

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Download Free Solar System Evolution PDF by Stuart Ross Taylor Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2001-09-06 with total page 460 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Publisher Description

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Evolution of the Solar System

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Pages : 620 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (112 Download)

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Download Free Evolution of the Solar System PDF by Hannes Alfvén Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1976 with total page 620 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

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The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System

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Publisher : CRC Press
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ISBN : 9781420033359
Pages : 420 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (352 Download)

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Download Free The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System PDF by Michael M. Woolfson Full Book and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2000-01-01 with total page 420 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The origin of the solar system has been a matter of speculation for many centuries, and since the time of Newton it has been possible to apply scientific principles to the problem. A succession of theories, starting with that of Pierre Laplace in 1796, has gained general acceptance, only to fall from favor due to its contradiction in some basic scientific principle or new heavenly observation. Modern observations by spacecraft of the solar system, the stars, and extra-solar planetary systems continuously provide new information that may be helpful in finding a plausible theory as well as present new constraints for any such theory to satisfy. The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System begins by describing historical (pre-1950) theories and illustrating why they became unacceptable. The main part of the book critically examines five extant theories, including the current paradigm, the solar nebula theory, to determine how well they fit with accepted scientific principles and observations. This analysis shows that the solar nebula theory satisfies the principles and observational constraints no better than its predecessors. The capture theory put forward by the author fares better and also indicates an initial scenario leading to a causal series of events that explain all the major features of the solar system.

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Evolution of the Solar System

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ISBN : 9781410218841
Pages : 616 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (848 Download)

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Download Free Evolution of the Solar System PDF by Gustaf Arrhenius Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2004-12-01 with total page 616 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The present analysis of the origin and evolution of the solar system represents a fusion of two initially independent approaches to the problem. One of us (Alfven) started from a study of the physical processes (1942, 1943a, 1946; summarized in a monograph in 1954), and the other (Arrhenius) from experimental studies of plasma-solid reactions and from chemical and mineralogical analyses of meteorites and lunar and terrestrial samples. Joined by the common belief that the complicated events leading to the present structure of the solar system can be understood only by an integrated chemical-physical approach, we have established a collaboration at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), in La Jolla, during the last seven years. Our work, together with that of many colleagues in La Jolla, Stockholm, and elsewhere, has resulted in a series of papers describing the general principles of our joint approach, experimental results, and model approximations for some of the most important processes. The present volume is a summary of our results, which we have tried to present in such a form as to make the physics understandable to chemists and the chemistry understandable to physicists. Our primary concern has been to establish general constraints on applicable models. Hence we have avoided complex mathematical treatment in cases where approximations are sufficient to clarify the general character of the processes.

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Formation of Stars and Planets, and the Evolution of the Solar System

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Pages : 225 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (381 Download)

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Download Free Formation of Stars and Planets, and the Evolution of the Solar System PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1990 with total page 225 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

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Solar System Evolution

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9780521675666
Pages : 488 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (669 Download)

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Download Free Solar System Evolution PDF by Stuart Ross Taylor Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2005-07-14 with total page 488 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This completely rewritten new edition begins with a historical perspective of the place of the solar system in the universe. Evidence from meteorites is used to describe how the planets were formed and the giant planets are considered in the light of the discovery of new extrasolar giants. Other chapters discuss satellites, comets, centaurs, asteroids and why Pluto is not a planet. Explanations on why Earth and Venus turned out so differently, and how Mars and Mercury are the survivors of many similar bodies, are also discussed.

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Evolution of the Solar System

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ISBN :
Pages : 599 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (769 Download)

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Download Free Evolution of the Solar System PDF by Hannes Alfvén Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1976 with total page 599 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

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Formation of Stars and Planets and the Evolution of the Solar System

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Pages : 244 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (15 Download)

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Download Free Formation of Stars and Planets and the Evolution of the Solar System PDF by B. Battrick Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1990 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

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Structure and Evolutionary History of the Solar System

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9401018510
Pages : 292 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (18 Download)

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Download Free Structure and Evolutionary History of the Solar System PDF by H. Alfvèn Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This monograph is based on four papers which have been published in Astrophysics and Space Sciences 1970--1974. They contain the results of our joint work started in 1968 at the University of California, San Diego, in La Jolla. The work was based on the belief that the complicated processes by which our solar system was formed can only be clarified by close collaboration between representatives of the physical and chemical sciences. Our investigations have also been strongly supported by work at other institu tions, especially by a group at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, where a number of plasma experiments have been made in order to clarify basic processes which are relevant to cosmogonic problems. These experiments were, in their turn inspired by theoretical work on primordial processes carried out during the last thirty-five years. We especially want to acknowledge the contributions by Drs N. Herlofson, B. Lehnert, C.-G. Fiilthammar, and Lars Danielsson in Stockholm and by Drs J.

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Dynamical Trapping and Evolution in the Solar System

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9400972148
Pages : 440 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (972 Download)

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Download Free Dynamical Trapping and Evolution in the Solar System PDF by Vassilis V. Markellos Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Proceedings of the 74th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Gerakini Chalkidiki, Greece, August 30-September 2, 1982

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Physics of the Solar System

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9401002339
Pages : 706 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (2 Download)

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Download Free Physics of the Solar System PDF by B. Bertotti Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 706 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is a direct sequel to: B. Bcrtotri and P. Farinclla, "Physics of the Earth and the Solar System, Dynamics and Evolution. Space Navigation. Spa cc-Time Structure" (Kluwcr Academic Publishers, 1990). Nearly 15 years af tcr its publication it became evident that the volume was in need of a new edition to keep up with the outstanding progress and the changing perspectives in this field. David Vokrouhlicky agreed to collaborate on the project and be the third author. On March 25, 2000. after a tong illness and a heart transplant. Paolo Farinella passed away. We then decided that. rather than aiming at a second edition, it made more sense to rewrite the book anew. While its basic content and the structure of the chapters are the same, important new topics have been added, including the extrasolar planetary systems, transneptunian objects. accurate determination of reference frames and new space projects. Greater relevance has been given to scmiquantitarive discussions before intro ducing formal developments: many figures have been added and updated and several errors corrected. More emphasis has given to the solar system, whereas geophysical topics have been left at a less advanced level. To mark this change the slightly differ ent title "Physics of the Solar System" was chosen. We wish to dedicate this book to the memory of Paolo Farinella. an out standing scientist, an invaluable collaborator and a dear friend.

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Small Bodies in the Solar System

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ISBN :
Pages : 341 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (816 Download)

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Download Free Small Bodies in the Solar System PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1995 with total page 341 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

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Origin And Evolution Of The Universe: From Big Bang To Exobiology (Second Edition)

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Publisher : World Scientific
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ISBN : 9811206473
Pages : 248 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (26 Download)

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Download Free Origin And Evolution Of The Universe: From Big Bang To Exobiology (Second Edition) PDF by Matthew A Malkan Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2020-08-12 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book provides a broad overview of what we currently know about the Origin and Evolution of the Universe. The goal is to be scientifically comprehensive but concise. We trace the origins from the Big Bang and cosmic expansion, to the formation of galaxies, heavy elements, stars and planets as abodes for life. This field has made stunning progress since the first edition of this book. At that time, there were no known planets outside of our own Solar System (compared with the many thousands currently being studied). The origin of massive black holes was pure speculation (compared with the very recent detection of the first gravitational waves from space, produced by the cataclysmic merger of two surprisingly large black holes). And the most important energy in the Universe, now known as the Dark Energy which is accelerating the expansion, had not been discovered. We aim to bring lay readers with an interest in science 'up to speed' on all of these key discoveries that are part of the panorama of cosmic evolution, which has ultimately lead to our existence on Earth.

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Planet Formation and Evolution in Our Solar System and Beyond

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Pages : 212 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (384 Download)

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Download Free Planet Formation and Evolution in Our Solar System and Beyond PDF by John Brooks Biersteker Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2019 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The discovery of thousands of exoplanets in recent decades has revealed a remarkable diversity of planetary system architectures, including entire classes of planets for which there is no solar system analog. In particular, the Kepler mission has shown that planets intermediate in size between Earth and Neptune with orbital periods less than 100 days are abundant in our galaxy. Concurrently, spacecraft missions to small primitive bodies in our solar system have yielded valuable insights into conditions in the early solar system. This thesis addresses questions in planet formation theory arising from both sets of observations. We begin with an investigation into the observed diversity of super-Earth bulk densities, which range from being consistent with a terrestrial composition to requiring an extended hydrogen-helium (H/He) envelope comprising several percent of the planet's mass. Giant impacts are expected to play a role in the formation of these worlds. We examine the thermal consequences of such an impact, and find that atmospheric loss from these effects can significantly exceed that caused by the previously considered process of mechanical shocks for H/He atmospheres. Specifically, the energy released can produce a period of sustained, rapid mass loss through a Parker wind, partly or completely eroding the envelope. The degree of loss depends on planetary properties and the stochastic details of the impact, making giant impacts an attractive explanation for the observed diversity of super-Earth compositions. The final assembly of the terrestrial planets in our solar system likely also concluded with a period of giant impacts. We explore the significance of post-impact thermal losses for terrestrial planet atmospheres in different evolutionary states, finding that H/He envelopes are unlikely to survive the giant impact phase, but that secondary, outgassed envelopes with higher mean molecular weights may be retained. Atmospheric constituents with high mean molecular weights may be lost, however, if they are mixed into a predominantly H/He envelope. Next, this thesis examines magnetic measurements of comet 67P/Churyumov- Gerasimenko (67P) and their implications for the early solar system environment. Specifically, the remanent magnetization of solar system bodies reflects their accretion mechanism, the space environment in which they formed, and their subsequent geological evolution. We show that the Rosetta magnetometry requires very low bulk magnetizations of cometary material on spatial scales >/=10 cm. If 67P formed during the lifetime of the solar nebula and has not undergone significant subsequent alteration, this low magnetization is inconsistent with its formation from the gentle gravitational collapse of a cloud of millimeter-sized pebbles in a background magnetic field >/~3 [mu]T. This constraint is compatible with theories of magnetically driven evolution of protoplanetary disks. Lastly, this thesis presents the first attempt to determine an exoplanet's oblateness and obliquity through the use of changes in the transit depth caused by the spin precession of an oblate planet. Determination of these quantities would provide insights into a planet's internal structure and formation history. Using Kepler photometry, we examine the brown dwarf Kepler-39b and the warm Saturn Kepler-427b. We do not usefully constrain the oblateness of Kepler-39b, but we find transit depth variations for Kepler-427b at 90% significance consistent with a precession period of 5.5 years and an oblateness comparable to solar system gas giants.