Download Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics PDF Full

Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9813237074
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (237 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics PDF by Martinus J G Veltman Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2018-03-21 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern particle physics accessible to anyone with a true passion for wanting to know how the universe works. We are introduced to the known particles of the world we live in. An elegant explanation of quantum mechanics and relativity paves the way for an understanding of the laws that govern particle physics. These laws are put into action in the world of accelerators, colliders and detectors found at institutions such as CERN and Fermilab that are in the forefront of technical innovation. Real world and theory meet using Feynman diagrams to solve the problems of infinities and deduce the need for the Higgs boson. Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics offers an incredible insight from an eyewitness and participant in some of the greatest discoveries in 20th century science. From Einstein's theory of relativity to the spectacular discovery of the Higgs particle, this book will fascinate and educate anyone interested in the world of quarks, leptons and gauge theories. This book also contains many thumbnail sketches of particle physics personalities, including contemporaries as seen through the eyes of the author. Illustrated with pictures, these candid sketches present rare, perceptive views of the characters that populate the field. The Chapter on Particle Theory, in a pre-publication, was termed "superbly lucid" by David Miller in Nature (Vol. 396, 17 Dec. 1998, p. 642). Contents: IntroductionPreliminariesThe Standard ModelQuantum Mechanics. MixingEnergy, Momentum and Mass-ShellDetectionAccelerators and Storage RingsThe CERN Neutrino ExperimentThe Particle ZooParticle TheoryFinding the HiggsQuantum ChromodynamicsEpilogueAddendum Readership: Students, lay people and anyone interested in the world of elementary particles. Keywords: Particle Physics;Quantum Mechanics;Relativity;Quarks;Leptons;Gauge Theories;Higgs ParticleReview: Reviews of the First Edition: "Veltman's life spans the history of particle physics, from Antiparticles to Z bosons. So does his crystal clear book, which tells all you want to know about the strange sub-nuclear world and the stranger scientists that study it ... a thrilling tale about the world's tiniest things." Sheldon Glashow Nobel laureate Boston University "I must congratulate you! The book you have written is truly a masterpiece. Not only have you explained the physics of the world of elementary particles to the young aspiring student, but you have made it available to the intelligent layman. On top of that you gave it the humanity it deserves; reading this book brought me back to the most exciting period of my life in which every day brought a new discovery and we all fought for recognition. I can truly say that there is no book like this." Melvin Schwartz Nobel laureate Columbia University "Veltman's ... transparent explanations of the abstract theories of quantum mechanics and special relativity, his lucid accounts of esoteric subjects in particle physics, such as scaling, Higgs particle and renormalizability ... are very impressive. The book will interest anyone who is interested in the view of the physical world held by contemporary fundamental physicists."T Y Cao Boston University "I greatly enjoyed finally reading a book that goes into the details I always wanted ... Veltman has the courage to try a deeper level about what we understand and what is simply fact ... Even if you have read books popularizing physics befor

Download Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics PDF Full

Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Release Date :
ISBN : 9789812381484
Pages : 340 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (481 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics PDF by Martinus Veltman Full Book and published by World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated. This book was released on 2003 with total page 340 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern particle physics accessible to anyone with a true passion for wanting to know how the universe works. We are introduced to the known particles of the world we live in. An elegant explanation of quantum mechanics and relativity paves the way for an understanding of the laws that govern particle physics. These laws are put into action in the world of accelerators, colliders and detectors found at institutions such as CERN and Fermilab that are in the forefront of technical innovation. Real world and theory meet using Feynman diagrams to solve the problems of infinities and deduce the need for the Higgs boson.Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics offers an incredible insight from an eyewitness and participant in some of the greatest discoveries in 20th century science. From Einstein's theory of relativity to the elusive Higgs particle, this book will fascinate and educate anyone interested in the world of quarks, leptons and gauge theories.This book also contains many thumbnail sketches of particle physics personalities, including contemporaries as seen through the eyes of the author. Illustrated with pictures, these candid sketches present rare, perceptive views of the characters that populate the field.The Chapter on Particle Theory, in a pre-publication, was termed “superbly lucid” by David Miller in Nature (Vol. 396, 17 Dec. 1998, p. 642).

Download Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell PDF Full

Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell

Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1400839351
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (839 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell PDF by Christopher G. Tully Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2011-10-10 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An introduction to high-energy physics that prepares students to understand the experimental frontier The new experiments underway at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland may significantly change our understanding of elementary particle physics and, indeed, the universe. This textbook provides a cutting-edge introduction to the field, preparing first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates to understand and work in LHC physics at the dawn of what promises to be an era of experimental and theoretical breakthroughs. Christopher Tully, an active participant in the work at the LHC, explains some of the most recent experiments in the field. But this book, which emerged from a course at Princeton University, also provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject. It explains every elementary particle physics process—whether it concerns nonaccelerator experiments, particle astrophysics, or the description of the early universe—as a gauge interaction coupled to the known building blocks of matter. Designed for a one-semester course that is complementary to a course in quantum field theory, the book gives special attention to high-energy collider physics, and includes a detailed discussion of the state of the search for the Higgs boson. Introduces elementary particle processes relevant to astrophysics, collider physics, and the physics of the early universe Covers experimental methods, detectors, and measurements Features a detailed discussion of the Higgs boson search Includes many challenging exercises Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual which provides solutions for Chapters 1-3 of the textbook, is available as a PDF. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. To obtain a copy, please email your request to: Ingrid_Gnerlich "at" press.princeton.edu.

Download New Dimensions in Elementary Particle Physics and Cosmology Second Edition PDF Full

New Dimensions in Elementary Particle Physics and Cosmology Second Edition

Author :
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date :
ISBN : 1483617319
Pages : 203 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (617 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free New Dimensions in Elementary Particle Physics and Cosmology Second Edition PDF by Ashok K. Sinha Full Book and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2013-06-13 with total page 203 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: NEW DIMENSIONS IN ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY summarizes certain results of the author's theoretical research toward developing a mathematically very simple Unified Theory of Elementary Particles and Interactions (UTOEPI.) Here the masses of the particles of the Standard Model, including the Higgs boson (the the socalled God Particle), are directly represented in terms of the interaction. The book introduces a new paradigm of a three-dimensional time, as an essential extension of Einstein's relativity theory. Interrelation between the classical and quantum physics is illustrated. Examples of applications in cosmology and the significance of the neutron decay in the evolution of matter, and of life on the earth, are included.

Download The Power of à PDF Full

The Power of à

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814477230
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (477 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free The Power of à PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Quantum Theory and Particle Physics collection PDF Full

The Quantum Theory and Particle Physics collection

Author :
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN : 0191025429
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (25 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free The Quantum Theory and Particle Physics collection PDF by Various Full Book and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2014-02-13 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A century of extraordinary physics, explained in three fabulously readable books. How did theory, experiment, personalities, politics, and chance combine in the development of quantum theory, and the discovery of the Higgs Boson - the so-called God Particle?

Download Quantum Principles and Particles, Second Edition PDF Full

Quantum Principles and Particles, Second Edition

Author :
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351610724
Pages : 582 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (61 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Quantum Principles and Particles, Second Edition PDF by Walter Wilcox Full Book and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2019-08-23 with total page 582 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This textbook offers a unique introduction to quantum mechanics progressing gradually from elementary quantum mechanics to aspects of particle physics. It presents the microscopic world by analysis of the simplest possible quantum mechanical system (spin 1/2). A special feature is the author’s use of visual aids known as process diagrams, which show how amplitudes for quantum mechanical processes are computed. The second edition includes a new chapter and problems on time-dependent processes, in addition to new material on quantum computing and improved illustrations. Key Features: Provides a completely updated text with expanded contents. Includes a brand new chapter on time-dependent processes and expanded coverage of recent developments in particle physics. Emphasizes a visual approach employing process diagrams and utilizing new figures. Incorporates quantum information theory in a new appendix, with other helpful supplements on notation, lattice models, weak flavor mixing, and numerical simulations.

Download Understanding Gravity: The Generation Model Approach PDF Full

Understanding Gravity: The Generation Model Approach

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 981121493X
Pages : 180 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (214 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Understanding Gravity: The Generation Model Approach PDF by Brian A Robson Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2021-06-22 with total page 180 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Currently, the General Theory of Relativity (GTR) describes the physics of the very large in terms of classical physics, while quantum theory describes the physics of the very small in terms of the Standard Model of particle physics. Unfortunately, the two theories are incompatible and do not describe satisfactorily all the forces between the various particles comprising ordinary matter. At present, one of the deepest problems in theoretical physics is harmonizing the GTR, which describes gravitation, with quantum mechanics, which describes the other three fundamental forces acting on the atomic scale. The main aim of the book is to provide an understanding of gravity in terms of a quantum theory given by the Generation Model of particle physics. The book presents a fully quantum theory of gravity, which describes both the large cosmological scale and the small atomic scale interactions between all particles.

Download Time in Powers of Ten PDF Full

Time in Powers of Ten

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814494933
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (494 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Time in Powers of Ten PDF by Gerard 't Hooft Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2014-05-12 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With a Foreword writer Steven Weinberg In this richly illustrated book, Nobel Laureate Gerard 't Hooft and Theoretical Physicist Stefan Vandoren describe the enormous diversity of natural phenomena that take place at different time scales. In the tradition of the bestseller Powers of Ten, the authors zoom in and out in time, each step with a factor of ten. Starting from one second, time scales are enlarged until processes are reached that take much longer than the age of the universe. After the largest possible eternities, the reader is treated to the shortest and fastest phenomena known. Then the authors increase with powers of ten, until again the second is reached at the end of the book. At each time scale, interesting natural phenomena occur, spread over all scientific disciplines: orbital and rotation periods of planets and stars, decay times of elementary particles and atoms, biological rhythms and evolution processes, but also the different geological time scales. Contents:Part I:100 Seconds = 1 Second101 Seconds = 10 Seconds102 Seconds = 100 Seconds = 1 Minute, 40 Seconds103 Seconds = 1,000 Seconds = 16 Minutes, 40 Seconds104 Seconds = 10,000 Seconds = 2.78 Hours105 Seconds = 100,000 Seconds = 1.16 Days = 27.78 Hours106 Seconds = 1,000,000 = 1 Million Seconds = 11.57 Days = 1.65 Weeks106.41 Seconds = 2,592,000 Seconds = 30 Days ≈ 1 Month107 Seconds = 10 Million Seconds = 115.74 Days = 3.86 Months108 Seconds = 100 Million Seconds = 3.17 Years109 Seconds = 1 Billion Seconds = 31.7 Years1010 Seconds = 10 Billion Seconds = 317 Years1011 Seconds = 100 Billion Seconds = 3,171 Years1012 Seconds = 1 Trillion Seconds = 31,710 Years1013 Seconds = 10 Trillion Seconds = 317,098 Years1014 Seconds = 100 Trillion Seconds = 3.17 Million Years1015 Seconds = 1 Quadrillion Seconds = 31.7 Million Years1016 Seconds = 10 Quadrillion Seconds = 317 Million Years1017 Seconds = 100 Quadrillion Seconds = 3.17 Billion Years1018 Seconds = 1 Quintillion Seconds = 31.7 Billion years: The Large Timescales1021 seconds = 1 Sextillion Seconds = 3.17 × 1013 Years: The Large Timescales1028 Seconds = 3.17 × 1020 Years: The Large Timescales1032 Seconds: To Infinity and Beyond: The Dark EternitiesPart II:10-44 to 10-26 Seconds: Small Timescales10-25 Seconds10-24 Seconds = 1 Yoctosecond10-23 Seconds = 10 Yoctoseconds10-22 Seconds = 100 Yoctoseconds10-21 Seconds = 1 Zeptosecond10-20 Seconds = 10 Zeptoseconds10-19 Seconds = 100 Zeptoseconds10-18 Seconds = 1 Attosecond10-17 Seconds = 10 Attoseconds10-16 Seconds = 100 Attoseconds10-15 Seconds = 1 Femtosecond10-14 Seconds = 10 Femtoseconds10-13 Seconds = 100 Femtoseconds10-12 Seconds = 1 Picosecond10-11 Seconds = 10 Picoseconds10-10 Seconds = 100 Picoseconds10-9 Seconds = 1 Nanosecond10-8 Seconds = 10 Nanoseconds10-7 Seconds = 100 Nanoseconds10-6 Seconds = 1 Microsecond10-5 Seconds = 10 Microseconds10-4 Seconds = 100 Microseconds = 0.0001 Seconds10-3 Seconds = 1 Millisecond = 0.001 Seconds10-2 Seconds = 10 Milliseconds = 0.01 Seconds10-1 Seconds = 100 Milliseconds = 0.1 Seconds100 Seconds = 1 Second -->Readership: Science enthusiasts and students. Keywords:Time;natural Phenomena;Time Scales;Age of the Universe;Powers of TenReviews: “The somewhat facetious narrating style and the abundance of illustrations are so inviting and rather addictive once you picked up the book.” European Mathematical Society “Pleasingly accessible volume that will give pleasure to academics, students, connoisseurs of coffee-table books and even the people who compile questions for Trivial Pursuit … Can be enjoyed as a source of scientific stories and images, as an unusual perspective on history, as a popular account of modern physics, and so on. Underneath them all is a wealth of serious science that will give readers insights into abstract fundamental ideas via concrete realities … Every science teacher would benefit from reading Time in Powers of Ten, but I hope it will have an even wider reach.” Times Higher Education “The authors have compiled a refreshing mix of historical anecdotes and examples from music to sport and biology to astronomy to lighten up the heavier taste of particle physics and cosmology… It is both an enjoyable read and very pleasant to browse at leisure… It fully conveys the authors' amazement at — as Feynman put it — our fantastically marvellous universe.” Nature Physics “The authors introduce the reader to the diversity of nature in a novel way by describing typical and interesting phenomena that occur or have occurred on many different time scales. The time scales considered differ by powers of ten, as the title of the book says, from the shortest times of which we have knowledge to the longest. I am sure many readers will enjoy the book as I have.” Edward Witten, Fields Medalist “Time is an essential dimension of life. Indeed, its remarkable and awesome variation of scale shapes the natural world. This book by Gerard 't Hooft and Stefan Vandoren gives us an exposé of a wide range of natural phenomena and their associated time scales, spanning the very small, the very large, and the life events of our universe. The book is elegantly illustrated and should be an enjoyable read for anyone interested in a deeper understanding of the fourth dimension, time, and how it shapes our lives.” Ahmed Zewail, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry “Like the original Powers of Ten, it is a wonderful book for flipping through and thinking about puzzles and is a good introduction to basics like how to tell a quark from a lepton.” The Dispatch “The book reveals the extraordinary complexity of our universe — it is a fascinating journey.” CERN Courier “This is a fascinating coffee-table book ranging from the unimaginably huge to the unimaginably tiny.” Ultramicroscopy “You can read the book in any direction. Delving into the index takes you on a mystery tour of the time domain. Helpfully, all the major phenomena are gathered together on an illustrated time line. This book is definitely one for your reading list.” Physics Education

Download John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-century Physics PDF Full

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-century Physics

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0198742991
Pages : 480 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (742 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-century Physics PDF by Andrew Whitaker Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-08-16 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: John Stewart Bell (1928-1990) was one of the most important figures in twentieth-century physics, famous for his work on the fundamental aspects of the century's most important theory, quantum mechanics. While the debate over quantum theory between the supremely famous physicists, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, appeared to have become sterile in the 1930s, Bell was able to revive it and to make crucial advances - Bell's Theorem or Bell's Inequalities. He was able to demonstrate a contradiction between quantum theory and essential elements of pre-quantum theory - locality and causality. The book gives a non-mathematical account of Bell's relatively impoverished upbringing in Belfast and his education. It describes his major contributions to quantum theory, but also his important work in the physics of accelerators, and nuclear and elementary particle physics.

Download A Story of Light PDF Full

A Story of Light

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814481815
Pages : 116 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (481 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free A Story of Light PDF by M Y Han Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2004-12-23 with total page 116 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents the essential aspects of relativistic quantum field theory, with minimal use of mathematics. It covers the development of quantum field theory from the original quantization of electromagnetic field to the gauge field theory of interactions among quarks and leptons. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics and a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Contents:Particles and Fields I: DichotomyLagrangian and Hamiltonian DynamicsCanonical QuantizationParticles and Fields II: DualityEquations for DualityElectromagnetic FieldEmulation of Light I: Matter FieldsRoad Map for Field QuantizationParticles and Fields III: Particles as Quanta of FieldsEmulation of Light II: InteractionsTriumph and WaneEmulation of Light III: Gauge FieldQuarks and LeptonsNon-Abelian Gauge Field Theories Readership: Students, researchers, academics and non-specialists interested in quantum field theory. Keywords:Quantum Field Theory;Gauge Field Theory;Standard Model of Quarks and Leptons;Non-Abelian Field TheoryKey Features:A short introduction to quantum field theory of quarks and leptons for scientists and non-specialists

Download From Photons to Higgs PDF Full

From Photons to Higgs

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814579971
Pages : 144 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (579 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free From Photons to Higgs PDF by Moo-Young Han Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2014-02-20 with total page 144 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents a brief introduction to the quantum field theory of the Standard Model for quarks and leptons. With minimal use of mathematics, it covers the basics of quantum field theory, local gauge field theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking mechanism, the Higgs mechanism and quantum chromodynamics. From the time when the first edition was published until today, the field of particle physics has seen some major break-through with the possible discovery of Higgs particle, also known as the Higgs boson. In the second edition, the famous Higgs mechanism is included to explain the symmetry breaking in the Standard Model and the origin of mass, and all of this is explained in high-school level algebra. Aimed at both scientists and non-specialists, it requires only some rudimentary knowledge of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of Newtonian mechanics as well as a basic understanding of the special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to enjoy this book. Contents:Particles and Fields I: DichotomyLagrangian and Hamiltonian DynamicsCanonical QuantizationParticles and Fields II: DualityEquations for DualityElectromagnetic FieldEmulation of Light I: Matter FieldsRoad Map for Field QuantizationParticles and Fields III: Particles as Quanta of FieldsEmulation of Light II: InteractionsTriumph and WaneLeptons and QuarksWhat is Gauge Field Theory?The Weak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs Mechanism and the Electroweak Gauge FieldsThe Higgs ParticleEvolution of the Strong ForceThe History of Color SU(3) SymmetryQuantum Chromodynamics, QCDAppendices:The Natural Unit SystemNotationVelocity-Dependent PotentialFourier Decomposition of FieldMass Units for ParticlesMass-Range Relation Readership: Students, researchers, academics and non-specialists interested in quantum field theory. Keywords:Quarks;Leptons;Gluons;Color Charges;Standard Model;Higgs Particle;Quantum Chromodynamics;Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

Download The Mystery of Numbers: Revealed Through Their Digital Root PDF Full

The Mystery of Numbers: Revealed Through Their Digital Root

Author :
Publisher : Talal Ghannam
Release Date :
ISBN : 1477678417
Pages : 477 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (678 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free The Mystery of Numbers: Revealed Through Their Digital Root PDF by Talal Ghannam Full Book and published by Talal Ghannam. This book was released on 2012-07-04 with total page 477 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is it that brings all these different things together? The subatomic particles and the Vedic square. The hydrogen atom and the golden section. Fibonacci numbers, consciousness, and alchemy. Nikola Tesla, music, and the ether. Electromagnetism, gravity, and the fourth dimension. The procession of the equinox, the Mayan dooms day, the Hindu Brahma cycle, and Atlantis. It is Numbers, or more precisely; their Digital Root. In this book the author examines the amazing world of numbers, particularly those which have intrigued and fascinated ancient and modern mathematicians alike. However, he does it from a very novel point of view; by implementing the digital root operation, in which the individual digits of any of these numbers are summed up until a single digit is left over. The author will show that when applying this simple operation to magical numbers, and to many other groups of numbers, an amazing world of hidden interconnections; repetition cycles; numerical symmetries; and geometrical patterns emerge. Especially when the geometrical (the circle) and the numerical aspects of the digital root world are combined together. It is in this circular/numerical world where numbers, individually and collectively, exist in their most basic, yet perfect and symmetrical states, and where the basic nine numbers are differentiated into three groups of amazing properties, which will be shown to underlie the essence of the whole universe; from the atom and its forces to the solar system and its geometry. This book will take us on a numerical and spiritual journey: starting from prime and figurate numbers; to Fibonacci sequence and the golden section; to alchemy and the Mayan calendar; to the atoms and its forces, along with the ether and the fourth dimension. In addition, the author will show how these new revelations of the digital root world are corroborating the numerological and mystical qualities that have been attributed to numbers by philosophers and mystics throughout the ages. This book will paint a so holistic and meaningful image of the world that will forever change our perception, not only towards numbers, but towards the whole universe as well.

Download Physical Sciences PDF Full

Physical Sciences

Author :
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1438131216
Pages : 189 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (131 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Physical Sciences PDF by Facts On File, Incorporated Full Book and published by Infobase Publishing. This book was released on 2010 with total page 189 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Investigates the research and discoveries of scientists who explored the frontiers of physics and uncovered phenomena that often contradicted prevailing wisdom.

Download Understanding the Universe PDF Full

Understanding the Universe

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814458058
Pages : 596 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (458 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Understanding the Universe PDF by Don Lincoln Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2012-03-20 with total page 596 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Big Bang, the birth of the universe, was a singular event. All of the matter of the universe was concentrated at a single point, with temperatures so high that even the familiar protons and neutrons of atoms did not yet exist, but rather were replaced by a swirling maelstrom of energy, matter and antimatter. Exotic quarks and leptons flickered briefly into existence, before merging back into the energy sea. This book explains the fascinating world of quarks and leptons and the forces that govern their behavior. Told from an experimental physicist's perspective, it forgoes mathematical complexity, using instead particularly accessible figures and apt analogies. In addition to the story of quarks and leptons, which are regarded as well-accepted fact, the author (who is a leading researcher at one of the world's highest energy particle physics laboratories) also discusses mysteries at both the experimental and theoretical frontiers, before tying it all together with the exciting field of cosmology and indeed the birth of the universe itself. The text spans the tiny world of the quark to the depths of the universe with breathtaking clarity. The casual student of science will appreciate the careful distinction between what is known (quarks, leptons and antimatter), what is suspected (Higgs bosons, neutrino oscillations and the reason why the universe has so little antimatter) and what is merely dreamed (supersymmetry, superstrings and extra dimensions). Included is an unprecedented chapter explaining the accelerators and detectors of modern particle physics experiments. The chapter discussing the hunt for the Higgs boson — currently consuming the efforts of nearly 6000 physicists — reveals drama that only big-stakes science can give. Understanding the Universe leaves the reader with a deep appreciation of the fascinating particle realm and reverence for just how much it determines the rich beauty of our universe. Since the release of the first edition, the landscape has changed. The venerable Fermilab Tevatron has ceased operations after a quarter century of extraordinary performance, to be replaced by the CERN Large Hadron Collider, an accelerator with a design energy of seven times greater than the Tevatron and a collision rate of nearly a billion collisions per second. The next few years promise to be very exciting as scientists explore this new realm. This revised edition of Understanding the Universe will leave the reader with a deep appreciation of just why physicists are so excited. Contents:Early HistoryThe Path to Knowledge (History of Particle Physics)Quarks and LeptonsForces: What Holds It All TogetherHunting for the HiggsAccelerators and Detectors: Tools of the TradeNear Term MysteriesExotic Physics (The Next Frontier)Recreating the Universe 10,000,000 Times a SecondEpilogue: Why Do We Do It? Readership: Students, scientists and lay people. Keywords:Quarks;Leptons;Accelerators;UniverseReviews: “Lincoln has an infectious love for physics … (and) demonstrates a humorous writing style that successfully engages the reader.” Publishers Weekly “The author is well equipped to write a book on the topic … It is not light reading, but worth the effort … Lincoln is careful to distinguish between what is known versus what is merely dreamed.” Mensa Bulletin “A veteran of many popular talks on physics, (Lincoln) charmingly relates the tale of humankind's almost insatiable curiosity about the ultimate nature of nature and the quest to determine the basic particles of matter. His style is engaging and obviously directed to informed lay readers, but the more scientifically minded will find it equally appealing … If digested with the notion that this topic is presented in a broad swath, both historically and scientifically, and not meant to be definitive, the work offers readers an appreciation of the investigative procedure, the accumulated body of research, and the people who did the investigating.” Library Journal “Don Lincoln, an experimentalist on DZero at Fermilab, motivates his tale of the development of particle physics, from its origins to its current state, almost entirely by experiments, a refreshing alternative to the usual theoretical treatments. Rather than posing thought experiments, Lincoln describes real experiments that have led to deeper questions and the consequent progress of particle physics … With his light and easy-to-read style, Lincoln's humor and personal tales do much to convey the flavor of modern particle physics research — a picture that is not often painted so realistically in other popular physics books. The content is more complicated than in most similar books, but this is a virtue for its intended audience, as it allows for greater depth.” Symmetry “Knowledgeably written … ‘Understanding the Universe’ provides the nonspecialist general reader with a fascinating and informative introduction to the complex world of quarks, leptons, and the forces that govern particle physics. Written especially to introduce lay readers to subatomic mysteries, (the book) discusses the Big Bang, known and proven theories, suspected hypotheses that have yet to be firmly established, cutting-edge discussions of modern particle physics experiments, and much more. Black-and-white diagrams help illustrate the amazing ideas presented with a minimum of mathematics and a maximum of awe.” Midwest Book Review “Don Lincoln takes us on a rollicking tour of the universe: The reader finds out what we particle physicists understand about it, how we arrived at that understanding and where we think we're going next with our research … Lincoln enlivens the landscape with fresh details, irreverent (yet never unkind) remarks on the cast of characters, and explanations that are homey, humorous and often completely original … In his epilogue Lincoln addresses explicitly the question of why particle physicists ask why … the real reason we do research is simply this: It's tremendously fun to figure the universe out.” American Scientist “… Lincoln offers lay readers a complete tour of particle physics …(he) writes very well, using a mixture of humor, history and analogies as well basic scientific explanations … (and) does a particularly good job of covering the full gamut of particle physics.” Choice “This book is addressed to the curious layman, with only a murky recollection of school physics, who wants to know how far mankind has gone in understanding the world around us … It is an excellent reference for any scientist who is occasionally unsure how best to explain a particular physics concept to a non-specialist audience … his understanding and explanations of complex phenomena are excellent and the book strikes a balance between depth and accessibility.” CERN Courier “The author faces complex topics in a very simple and clever way without using mathematics but by simple (and suitable) analogies. The reading is intriguing and very flowing and, sometimes, very entertaining. The book is peppered with amusing anecdotes that make reading smoother and funny. This book is a masterpiece of scientific disclosure. I recommend its reading for those people who want to delve into the wonders of modern Physics.” Zentralblatt MATH

Download Understanding the Universe PDF Full

Understanding the Universe

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9814374466
Pages : 567 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (374 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Understanding the Universe PDF by Don Lincoln Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2012 with total page 567 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explains the fascinating world of quarks and leptons and the forces that govern their behavior. Told from an experimental physicist's perspective, it forgoes mathematical complexity, using instead particularly accessible figures and apt analogies. In addition to the story of quarks and leptons, which are regarded as well-accepted fact, the author (who is a leading researcher at one of the world's highest energy particle physics laboratories) also discusses mysteries at both the experimental and theoretical frontiers, before tying it all together with the exciting field of cosmology and indeed the birth of the universe itself.

Download Shattered Symmetry PDF Full

Shattered Symmetry

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 019062017X
Pages : 400 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (62 Download)

GET EBOOK!

Download Free Shattered Symmetry PDF by Pieter Thyssen Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-01-02 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The standard model of subatomic particles and the periodic table of the atoms have the common goal to bring order in the bewildering chaos of the constituents of matter. Their success relies on the presence of fundamental symmetries in their core. The purpose of the book is to share the admiration for the power and the beauty of these symmetries. The reader is taken on a journey from the basic geometric symmetry group of a circle to the sublime dynamic symmetries that govern the motions of the particles. The trail follows the lines of parentage linking groups upstream to the unitary symmetry of the eightfold way of quarks, and to the four-dimensional symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Along the way the theory of symmetry groups is gradually introduced with special emphasis on graphical representations. The final challenge is to open up the structure of Mendeleev's table which goes beyond the symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Breaking this symmetry to accommodate the multi-electron atoms requires to leave the common ground of linear algebras and explore the potential of non-linearity.