Download Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000) PDF Full

Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000)

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN : 311092546X
Pages : 530 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (925 Download)

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Download Free Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000) PDF by Stephan Elspaß Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2007-01-01 with total page 530 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Focusing on the sociolinguistic history of Germanic languages, the current volume challenges the traditional teleological approach of language historiography. The 30 contributions present alternative histories of ten ‘big’ as well as ‘small’ Germanic languages and varieties in the last 300 years. Topics covered in this book include language variation and change and the politics of language contact and choice, seen against the background of standardization processes of written and oral text genres and from the viewpoint of larger sections of the population.

Download Letters as Loot PDF Full

Letters as Loot

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027269572
Pages : 426 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (269 Download)

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Download Free Letters as Loot PDF by Gijsbert Rutten Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2014-11-14 with total page 426 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The study of letter writing is at the heart of the historical-sociolinguistic enterprise. Private letters, in particular, offer an unprecedented view on language history. This book presents an in-depth study of the language of letters focussing on a unique collection of Dutch private letters from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, which comprises letters from the lower, middle and upper ranks, written by men as well as women. The book discusses the key issues of formulaic language and the degree of orality of private letters, it questions the importance of letter-writing manuals, and reveals remarkable patterns of social, regional and gender variation in a wide range of linguistic features. Arguing for writing experience as an important factor in historical linguistics generally, the book offers numerous new perspectives on the history of Dutch. The monograph is of interest to a wide readership, ranging from scholars of historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, Germanic linguistics, sociology and social history to (advanced) graduate and postgraduate students in courses on language variation and change.

Download A History of German PDF Full

A History of German

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0192561359
Pages : 448 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (561 Download)

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Download Free A History of German PDF by Joseph Salmons Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-08-09 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a detailed but accessible introduction to the development of the German language from the earliest reconstructable prehistory to the present day. Joe Salmons explores a range of topics in the history of the language, offering answers to questions such as: How did German come to have so many different dialects and close linguistic cousins like Dutch and Plattdeutsch? Why does German have 'umlaut' vowels and why do they play so many different roles in the grammar? Why are noun plurals so complicated? Are dialects dying out today? Does English, with all the words it loans to German, pose a threat to the language? This second edition has been extensively expanded and revised to include extended coverage of syntactic and pragmatic change throughout, expanded discussion of sociolinguistic aspects, language variation, and language contact, and more on the position of German in the Germanic family. The book is supported by a companion website and is suitable for language learners and teachers and students of linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards. The new edition also includes more detailed background information to make it more accessible for beginners.

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Invisibilising Austrian German

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 311054704X
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (547 Download)

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Download Free Invisibilising Austrian German PDF by Anna Dorothea Havinga Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2018-01-22 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides an insight into the standardisation process of German in eighteenth-century Austria. It describes how norms prescribed by grammarians were actually implemented via a school reform carried out by educationalist Johann Ignaz Felbiger on the order of Empress Maria Theresa. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were undertaken of certain Upper German features (e-apocope, the absence of the prefix ge- and the ending -t in past participles, and variants of the verb form sind) in reading primers, issues of the Wienerisches Diarium / Wiener Zeitung and petitionary letters. These reveal how such variants became increasingly 'invisible' in writing. This process of 'invisibilisation', i.e. a process of stigmatization which prevents the use of certain varieties and variants in writing, can be attributed to a number of factors: Empress Maria Theresa's appeal for a language reform, the normative work by eighteenth-century grammarians, the implementation of educational reforms, and the early introduction of East Central German variants in newspaper issues.

Download Landmarks in the History of the German Language PDF Full

Landmarks in the History of the German Language

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Publisher : Peter Lang
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ISBN : 9783039118908
Pages : 328 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (9 Download)

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Download Free Landmarks in the History of the German Language PDF by Geraldine Horan Full Book and published by Peter Lang. This book was released on 2009 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Some essays were originally delivered as lectures at the University of Cambridge.

Download New Literary and Linguistic Perspectives on the German Language, National Socialism, and the Shoah PDF Full

New Literary and Linguistic Perspectives on the German Language, National Socialism, and the Shoah

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Publisher : Boydell & Brewer
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ISBN : 1571135979
Pages : 258 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (135 Download)

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Download Free New Literary and Linguistic Perspectives on the German Language, National Socialism, and the Shoah PDF by Peter Davies Full Book and published by Boydell & Brewer. This book was released on 2014 with total page 258 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: New perspectives on the relationship - or the perceived relationship - between the German language and the causes, nature, and legacy of National Socialism and the Shoah.

Download The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization PDF Full

The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 1108640079
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (64 Download)

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Download Free The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization PDF by Wendy Ayres-Bennett Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2021-02-28 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Language standardization is the process by which conventional forms of a language are established and maintained. Bringing together internationally renowned experts, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of standardization, norms and standard languages. Chapters are grouped into five thematic areas: models and theories of standardization, questions of authority and legitimacy, literacy and education, borders and boundaries, and standardization in Late Modernity. Each chapter addresses a specific issue in detail, illustrating it with linguistic case studies and taking into account the particular political, social and cultural context. Showcasing cutting-edge research, it offers fresh perspectives that go beyond traditional accounts of the standardization of national European languages, and affords new insights into minoritized, indigenous and stateless languages. Surveying a wide range of languages and approaches, this Handbook is an essential resource for all those interested in language standards and standard languages.

Download A History of German PDF Full

A History of German

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0199697930
Pages : 413 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (697 Download)

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Download Free A History of German PDF by Joe Salmons Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2012-10-11 with total page 413 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a detailed introduction to the development of the German language from the earliest reconstructible prehistory to the present day. It is supported by a companion website and is suitable for language learners and teachers and students of linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards.

Download Past, Present and Future of a Language Border PDF Full

Past, Present and Future of a Language Border

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 1614514151
Pages : 330 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (514 Download)

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Download Free Past, Present and Future of a Language Border PDF by Catharina Peersman Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2015-07-24 with total page 330 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume revisits the issue of language contact and conflict in the Low Countries across space and time. The contributions deal with important sites of Germanic-Romance contact along the different language borders, covering languages such as French, Dutch, German, and Luxembourgish. This first monograph in English on the topic broadens our understanding of current-day issues by integrating a historical perspective, showing how language contact and conflict operated from the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period, the 18th and 19th centuries, and into the 20th and 21st centuries.

Download Letter Writing and Language Change PDF Full

Letter Writing and Language Change

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 1139992031
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (992 Download)

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Download Free Letter Writing and Language Change PDF by Anita Auer Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-07-16 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Letter Writing and Language Change outlines the historical sociolinguistic value of letter analysis, both in theory and practice. The chapters in this volume make use of insights from all three 'Waves of Variation Studies', and many of them, either implicitly or explicitly, look at specific aspects of the language of the letter writers in an effort to discover how those writers position themselves and how they attempt, consciously or unconsciously, to construct social identities. The letters are largely from people in the lower strata of social structure, either to addressees of the same social status or of a higher status. In this sense the question of the use of 'standard' and/or 'nonstandard' varieties of English is in the forefront of the contributors' interest. Ultimately, the studies challenge the assumption that there is only one 'legitimate' and homogenous form of English or of any other language.

Download Contact, Variation, and Change in the History of English PDF Full

Contact, Variation, and Change in the History of English

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027269939
Pages : 326 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (269 Download)

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Download Free Contact, Variation, and Change in the History of English PDF by Simone E. Pfenninger Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2014-09-11 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The papers in this volume aim at facilitating exchange between three fields of inquiry that are of great importance in historical linguistics: language change, (socio)linguistic research on variation, and contact linguistics. Drawing on a range of recently-developed methodological innovations, such as methods for quantifying the linguistic variation (that is a prerequisite for language change) or new corpus-based methods for investigating text-type variation, the contributors are able to trace linguistic change in different periods and contact situations, demonstrate how variation occurs, and in how far language change results out of this variation. Thus, the chapters go beyond core issues of language variation and change, focusing on the boundary between word and grammar, discourse and ideology in the history of the English language.

Download Norms and Usage in Language History, 1600–1900 PDF Full

Norms and Usage in Language History, 1600–1900

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027268797
Pages : 334 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (268 Download)

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Download Free Norms and Usage in Language History, 1600–1900 PDF by Gijsbert Rutten Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2014-11-18 with total page 334 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Historical sociolinguistics has successfully challenged the traditional focus on standardization in linguistic historiography. Extensive research on newly uncovered textual resources has shown the widespread variation in the written language of the past that was previously hidden or neglected. The time has come to integrate both perspectives, and to reassess the importance of language norms, standardization and prescription on the basis of sound empirical studies of large corpora of texts. The chapters in this volume discuss the interplay of language norms and language use in the history of Dutch, English, French and German between 1600 and 1900. Written by leading experts in the field, each chapter focuses on one language and one century. A substantial introductory chapter puts the twelve research chapters into a comparative perspective. The book is of interest to a wide readership, ranging from scholars of historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, sociology and social history to (advanced) graduate and postgraduate students in courses on language variation and change.

Download The Language of Public and Private Communication in a Historical Perspective PDF Full

The Language of Public and Private Communication in a Historical Perspective

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Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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ISBN : 1443822027
Pages : 390 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (822 Download)

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Download Free The Language of Public and Private Communication in a Historical Perspective PDF by Nicholas Brownlees Full Book and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2010-04-16 with total page 390 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines a fundamental concept of language within a historical perspective. The concept is that of public and private communication, the historical period ranges from the late middle ages to the late modern, and the language is English. In short, what are the linguistic traits, discursive practices, communicative settings and intentions which identify and contrast public from private communication, supposing it is possible to make such a fine distinction? The volume contains contributions from top international scholars working in the fields of, for example, historical correspondence, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century print news, sixteenth-century liturgy and political discourse, the language of quack doctors, late modern travel writing, personal notebooks, and even the eighteenth-century public discourse of shopping. As this ground-breaking volume is not just about key concepts in the history of the English language, but also examines at a more general level the concept of private and public communication, the various chapters will interest scholars working in language and communication generally as well as English historical discourse.

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Keeping in Touch

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027261881
Pages : 289 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (261 Download)

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Download Free Keeping in Touch PDF by Raymond Hickey Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2019-11-28 with total page 289 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The current volume presents a number of chapters which look at informal vernacular letters, written mostly by emigrants to the former colonies of Britain, who settled at these locations in the past few centuries, with a focus on letters from the nineteenth century. Such documents often show features for varieties of English which do not necessarily appear in later sources or which are not attested with the same range or in the same set of grammatical contexts. This has to do with the vernacular nature of the letters, i.e. they were written by speakers who had a lower level of education and whose speech, and hence their written form of language, does not appear to have been guided by considerations of standardness and conformity to external norms of language. Furthermore, the writers of the emigrant letters, examined in the current volume, were very unlikely to have known of, still less have used, manuals of letter writing. Emigrant letters thus provide a valuable source of data in tracing the possible development of features in varieties of English in the USA, Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Download Investigations Into the Meta-communicative Lexicon of English PDF Full

Investigations Into the Meta-communicative Lexicon of English

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 902725625X
Pages : 300 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (256 Download)

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Download Free Investigations Into the Meta-communicative Lexicon of English PDF by Ulrich Busse Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2012 with total page 300 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The volume contributes to historical pragmatics an important chapter on what has so far not been paid adequate attention to, i.e. historical metapragmatics. More particularly, the collected papers apply a meta-communicative approach to historical texts by focusing on lexis that either directly or metaphorically identifies or characterizes entire forms of communication or single acts and act sequences or minor units. Within the context of their use, such lexical expressions, in fact, provide a key for disclosing historical forms of communication; taken out of context, they build the meta-communicative lexicon. The articles follow three principal distinctions in that they investigate the meta-communicative profile of genres, meta-communicative lexical sets and meta-communicative ethics and ideologies. They cover a broad spectrum of text types that span the entire history of the English language from Anglo-Saxon chronicles to computer-mediated communication.

Download Letter Writing in Late Modern Europe PDF Full

Letter Writing in Late Modern Europe

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 9027274703
Pages : 254 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (274 Download)

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Download Free Letter Writing in Late Modern Europe PDF by Marina Dossena Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2012-04-16 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In recent years there has been a renewed interest in correspondence both as a literary genre and as cultural practice, and several studies have appeared, mainly spanning the centuries between Early and Late Modern times. However, it is between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that the roots of contemporary usage begin to evolve, thanks to the circulation of new educational materials and more widespread schooling practices. In this volume, chapters representing diverse but complementary methodological approaches discuss linguistic and discursive practices of correspondence in Late Modern Europe, in order to offer material for the comparative, cross-linguistic analyses of patterns occurring in different social contexts. The volume aims to provide a general and solid methodological structure for the study of largely untapped language material from a variety of comparable sources, and is expected to appeal to scholars and students interested in the linguistic history of epistolary writing practices, as well as to all those interested in the more recent history of European languages.

Download Studies in the History of the English Language VI PDF Full

Studies in the History of the English Language VI

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 3110395029
Pages : 343 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (395 Download)

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Download Free Studies in the History of the English Language VI PDF by Michael Adams Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2014-12-12 with total page 343 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The relationships among data, evidence, and methodology in English historical linguistics are perennially vexed. This volume– which ranges chronologically from Old to Present-Day English and from manuscripts to corpora– challenges a wide variety of assumptions and practices and illustrates how diverse methods and approaches construct evidence for historical linguistic arguments from an increasingly large and diverse body of linguistic data.