Download IMF Country Report No. 2/257 PDF Full

IMF Country Report No. 2/257

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Download Free IMF Country Report No. 2/257 PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2002 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Retirement in the Nordic Countries PDF Full

Retirement in the Nordic Countries

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Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
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ISBN : 9789289304696
Pages : 184 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (693 Download)

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Download Free Retirement in the Nordic Countries PDF by Tryggvi Þór Herbertsson Full Book and published by Nordic Council of Ministers. This book was released on 2000 with total page 184 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Internal Impact and External Influence of the Greek Financial Crisis PDF Full

The Internal Impact and External Influence of the Greek Financial Crisis

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3319602012
Pages : 239 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (62 Download)

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Download Free The Internal Impact and External Influence of the Greek Financial Crisis PDF by John Marangos Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-03 with total page 239 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This contributed volume explores the political economy and socioeconomic aspects of the Greek Financial Crisis both within the country's borders and as part of the global economy. With chapters authored by international experts, this book examines and explicitly deals with specific and important issues that have been ignored by the dominant socioeconomic theory and practice, which have largely focused on the causes and broad economic consequences of the crisis. Discussions include the efficacy of new EU institutions created to address the crisis, the rise of unregistered economic activity, and comparisons with financial crises in countries beyond Europe. This diverse collection argues that the Greek Financial Crisis was not just an economic crisis, but a political and social crisis as well, one with repercussions beyond Europe.

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Open Banking

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0197582893
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (582 Download)

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Download Free Open Banking PDF by Linda Jeng Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-01-07 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Open banking is a silent revolution transforming the banking industry. It is the manifestation of the revolution of consumer technology in banking and will dramatically change not only how we bank, but also the world of finance and how we interact with it. Since the United Kingdom along with the rest of the European Union adopted rules requiring banks to share customer data to improve competition in the banking sector, a wave of countries from Asia to Africa to the Americas have adopted various forms of their own open banking regimes. Among Basel Committee jurisdictions, at least fifteen jurisdictions have some form of open banking, and this number does not even include the many jurisdictions outside the Basel Committee membership with open banking activities. Although U.S. banks and market participants have been sharing customer-permissioned data for the past twenty years and there have been recent policy discussions, such as the Obama administration's failed Consumer Data Privacy Bill and the Data Aggregation Principles of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, open banking is still a little-known concept among consumers and policymakers in the States. This book defines the concept of 'open banking' and explores key legal, policy, and economic questions raised by open banking.

Download Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia PDF Full

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

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Publisher : International Monetary Fund
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ISBN : 1451826133
Pages : 90 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (826 Download)

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Download Free Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia PDF by International Monetary Fund Full Book and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2007-07-30 with total page 90 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This paper discusses the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’s Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria and Rephasing of the Program. The 2007 fiscal deficit target increased modestly to 1 percent of GDP. Taxes were cut and budget quality improved, but there remain fiscal risks, in particular in delivering the planned reduction in transfers and subsidies. Over the medium term, the government aims to keep the fiscal deficit below 11⁄2 percent of GDP, cutting overall government spending by 2 percent of GDP while raising public investment.

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Global Debt Dynamics

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 0429619154
Pages : 172 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (619 Download)

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Download Free Global Debt Dynamics PDF by Andreas Antoniades Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-05-21 with total page 172 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This comprehensive volume explores debt dynamics and the intensification of debt crises across the globe, bringing together several recent but underexplored debt crises from different regional and socioeconomic contexts. Using detailed case studies, the authors recast the perils of debt-based growth in the context of regional/global imbalances; not to advocate ‘one-size-fits-all’ reforms, but to point to the need for accommodating diversity. They examine how current economic developments put developing and developed countries under new strain. They also interrogate the opportunities and challenges generated for developing countries by the new development finance landscape and newly (re)emerged geopolitical tensions. The book also explores the inability of existing dominant structures and thinking to effectively manage the multiple facets of the ongoing global debt crisis, pointing to responses that exacerbate rather than address unsustainable debt dynamics. The authors illustrate the adverse effects of ad hoc crisis management mechanisms which are not fit for purpose, and indicate the negative consequences that existing policies may have for democracy. They then put forward a framework for alternative thinking as well as concrete ideas on what needs to be done, in response. This book will be of great interest to students, scholars and professionals in the field of global debt studies. It was originally published as a special issue of the online journal Third World Thematics.

Download Economy, Finance and Business in Southeastern and Central Europe PDF Full

Economy, Finance and Business in Southeastern and Central Europe

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3319703773
Pages : 903 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (73 Download)

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Download Free Economy, Finance and Business in Southeastern and Central Europe PDF by Anastasios Karasavvoglou Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-05-02 with total page 903 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume comprises papers presented at the 8th international conference “The Economies of the Balkan and Eastern European Countries in the Changing World” (EBEEC) held in Split, Croatia in 2016. The papers cover a wide range of current issues relevant for the whole of Eastern Europe, such as European integration, economic growth, labour markets, education and tourism. Written by experienced researchers in the field of economic challenges for Eastern Europe, the papers not only analyse recent problems, but also offer policies to resolve them. Furthermore, they offer insights into the theoretical and empirical foundations of the economic processes described. The proceedings of the conference appeals to all those interested in the further economic development of the Balkan and Eastern European countries.

Download St. Lucia PDF Full

St. Lucia

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Publisher : International Monetary Fund
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ISBN : 1451823290
Pages : 48 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (823 Download)

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Download Free St. Lucia PDF by International Monetary Fund Full Book and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2009-08-18 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This paper discusses key findings of the Sixth Review under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility for Benin. Benin’s macroeconomic outlook is weaker for 2009–10, reflecting the impact of the crisis. The implementation of structural reforms needs to be accelerated to enhance the competitiveness of Benin’s economy and increase its resilience to exogenous shocks. The adoption of a comprehensive strategy for the cotton sector and the implementation of the public finance management action plan are welcome steps.

Download Trust and Crisis Management in the European Union PDF Full

Trust and Crisis Management in the European Union

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3319692127
Pages : 244 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (692 Download)

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Download Free Trust and Crisis Management in the European Union PDF by Dóra Győrffy Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-01-03 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book addresses and explains the divergent economic and political outcomes of the financial crisis in the eight European Union member states which needed a bailout program: Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Spain. Looking at crisis management as a series of relationships where cooperation is essential, this book focuses on the essential role of trust during the process. It argues that the presence or absence of trust during the negotiation and implementation of the bailout program leads to self-reinforcing cycles of success and failure. The analysis of these eight countries also explores the institutional sources of trust – it shows that a commitment to limited government is associated with both economic success and resistance to populism. The final chapter considers the implications for the future of the EU and calls attention to the importance of strengthening domestic institutions in order to bridge the gap between concerns over moral hazard and expectations of solidarity.

Download Currency Crises in Emerging Markets PDF Full

Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 1461503434
Pages : 298 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (53 Download)

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Download Free Currency Crises in Emerging Markets PDF by Marek Dabrowski Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, prepared by Warsaw-based Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), discusses various aspects of currency crises in emerging-market economies: The definitions and theoretical models of currency crises, the causes, management and propagation (contagion effect) of crises, their economic, social and policy consequences, the role of international financial institutions, and crisis prevention. In addition, five case studies of currency crises in Central and Eastern Europe are presented.

Download Hungary PDF Full

Hungary

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Publisher : International Monetary Fund
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ISBN : 1484314557
Pages : 67 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (314 Download)

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Download Free Hungary PDF by International Monetary Fund. European Dept. Full Book and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2015-04-03 with total page 67 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This Selected Issues paper assesses the efficiency of public spending on health and education in Hungary, with a view to identifying potential efficiency gains and areas for reforms so as to lock in such gains. The paper finds potentially large room for efficiency gains over the medium term, particularly in the health sector. A frontier analysis using data envelopment methodology, suggests that savings from efficiency gains in the health and education sectors could amount up to about 3 percentage points of GDP over the medium term, of which 90 percent could be achieved from efficiency gains in the health sector.

Download The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis PDF Full

The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0192542478
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (542 Download)

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Download Free The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis PDF by Ben Clift Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-02-09 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the IMF's role within the politics of austerity by providing a path-breaking comprehensive analysis of how the IMF approach to fiscal policy has evolved since 2008, and how the IMF worked to alter advanced economy policy responses to the global financial crisis (GFC) and the Eurozone crisis. It updates and refines our understanding of how the IMF seeks to wield ideational power by analysing the Fund's post-crash their ability to influence what constitutes legitimate knowledge, and their ability fix meanings attached to economic policies within the social process of constructing economic orthodoxy.This book is interested in the politics of economic ideas, focused on the assumptive foundations of different approaches to economic policy, and how the interpretive framework through which authoritative voices evaluate economic policy is an important site of power in world politics. After establishing the internal conditions of possibility for new fiscal policy thinking to emerge and prevail, detailed case studies of IMF interactions with the UK and French governments during the Great Recession drill down into how Fund seeks to shape the policy possibilities of advanced economy policy-makers and account for the scope and limits of Fund influence. The Fund's reputation as a technocratic, scientific source of economic policy wisdom is important to for its intellectual authority. Yet, as this book demonstrates, the Fund makes normatively driven interventions in ideologically charged economic policy debates. The analysis reveals the malleability of conventional wisdoms about economic policy, and the processes of their social construction.

Download Property and Human Rights in a Global Context PDF Full

Property and Human Rights in a Global Context

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN : 1509901744
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (91 Download)

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Download Free Property and Human Rights in a Global Context PDF by Ting Xu Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2016-03-24 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Property as a human rights concern is manifested through its incorporation in international instruments and as a subject of the law through property-related cases considered by international human rights organs. Yet, for the most part, the relationship between property and human rights has been discussed in rather superficial terms, lacking a clear substantive connection or common language. That said, the currents of globalisation have witnessed a new era of interrelation between these two areas of the law, including the emergence of international intellectual property law and the recognition of indigenous claims, which, in fundamental ways, speak to an engagement with human rights law. This collection starts the conversation between human rights lawyers and property lawyers and explores analytical approaches to the increasing relationship between property and human rights in a global context. The chapters engage with key theoretical and policy debates and range across three main themes: The re-evaluation of the public/private divide in the law; the tensions between the market and social justice in development and the balance between the rights of individuals and those of communities. The chapters adopt a global, comparative perspective and engage in case studies from countries including India, Philippines, Brazil, the United States, the United Kingdom and includes various regions of Africa and Europe.

Download The Economics and Politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin PDF Full

The Economics and Politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1134079141
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (79 Download)

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Download Free The Economics and Politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin PDF by Boris Najman Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2007-09-12 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Caspian Basin region has boomed since the late 1990s due to new oil discoveries, new pipelines that have diversified countries' transport options and world oil prices that have risen from below $10 in 1998 to $70 in 2006. This book analyzes the experience of the Caspian countries during the oil boom. It is founded on empirical studies, using either macroeconomic tools or an analysis of public budgets, or microeconometric analysis of household survey data or fieldwork in oil-producing regions. Moving from aggregated to disaggregated analysis and, in-keeping with its emphasis on rigorous empirical analysis to the greatest extent possible, several chapters are written by specialists on the Caspian region. Whilst there is an emphasis on the economic consequences of the oil boom, the interdisciplinary aspects of the phenomenon are also recognized. Overall, the analysis is firmly rooted in the region, yet the empirical studies also provide a basis for drawing broader lessons about the effects of an oil boom.

Download Mali PDF Full

Mali

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Publisher : International Monetary Fund
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ISBN : 1484303679
Pages : 125 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (33 Download)

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Download Free Mali PDF by International Monetary Fund. African Dept. Full Book and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2015-12-17 with total page 125 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Mali’s program performance through June was strong, with all performance criteria and most structural benchmarks met. The 2016 program features a somewhat higher fiscal deficit compared with 2015 to allow for increased public investment and reconstruction spending. The program’s structural component incorporates measures to support continued revenue growth, strengthen public financial management, and promote good governance. The external current account is projected to strengthen in the near term but would weaken thereafter, mainly as a result of less favorable terms of trade.

Download The Right Kind of Help? Tax Incentives for Staying Small PDF Full

The Right Kind of Help? Tax Incentives for Staying Small

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Publisher : International Monetary Fund
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ISBN : 1484302559
Pages : 32 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (32 Download)

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Download Free The Right Kind of Help? Tax Incentives for Staying Small PDF by Ms.Dora Benedek Full Book and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2017-06-13 with total page 32 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Some countries support smaller firms through tax incentives in an effort to stimulate job creation and startups, or alleviate specific distortions, such as financial constraints or high regulatory or tax compliance costs. In addition to fiscal costs, tax incentives that discriminate by firm size without specifically targeting R&D investment can create disincentives for firms to invest and grow, negatively affecting firm productivity and growth. This paper analyzes the relationship between size-related corporate income tax incentives and firm productivity and growth, controlling for other policy and firm-level factors, including product market regulation, financial constraints and innovation. Using firm level data from four European economies over 2001–13, we find evidence that size-related tax incentives that do not specifically target R&D investment can weigh on firm productivity and growth. These results suggest that when designing size-based tax incentives, it is important to address their potential disincentive effects, including by making them temporary and targeting young and innovative firms, and R&D investment explicitly.

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Understanding the New Global Economy

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1000456811
Pages : 254 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (456 Download)

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Download Free Understanding the New Global Economy PDF by Harald Sander Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-11-08 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Understanding the New Global Economy: A European Perspective argues that globalisation is facing economic and political headwinds. A new global economic geography is emerging, cross-border relationships are changing, and global governance structures must come to terms with a new multipolar world. This book clarifies the fundamental questions and trade-offs in this new global economy, and gives readers the tools to understand contemporary debates. It presents a range of possible policy options, without being prescriptive. Following a modular structure, each chapter takes a similar approach but can also be read as a stand-alone piece. State-of-the-art academic research and historical experiences are weaved throughout the book, and readers are pointed towards relevant sources of information . This text is an accessible guide to the contemporary world economy, suited to students of international economics, political economy, globalisation, and European studies. It will also be valuable reading for researchers, professionals, and general readers interested in economics, politics, and civil society.