Download Quantifying Expressions in the History of German PDF Full

Quantifying Expressions in the History of German

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027267111
Pages : 299 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (267 Download)

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Download Free Quantifying Expressions in the History of German PDF by Dorian Roehrs Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2016-05-11 with total page 299 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study describes the 1200-year history of German quantifying expressions like nîoman anderro > niemand anderer ‘nobody else’, analyzing the morpho-syntactic developments within the generative framework. The quantifiers examined arose from various lexical sources/categories (nouns, adjectives, and pronouns) but all changed to adjectival quantifiers. These changes are interpreted as a novel type of upward reanalysis from head to specifier, which we associate with degrammaticalization driven by analogy. As for the quantified phrases, most appeared in the genitive in Old High German, indicating a bi-nominal structure. During the Early New High German period, most quantified nouns and adjectives changed to agreement with the quantifier. By Modern German, only quantified DPs and pronouns remain in the genitive. These changes involve downward reanalysis of the quantified elements, being integrated into the matrix nominal depending on the structural size of the quantified phrase. Overall, we conclude that diachronically quantifying expressions may have different syntactic analyses.

Download The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics PDF Full

The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 1108386350
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (386 Download)

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Download Free The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics PDF by Michael T. Putnam Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-01-31 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Germanic language family ranges from national languages with standardized varieties, including German, Dutch and Danish, to minority languages with relatively few speakers, such as Frisian, Yiddish and Pennsylvania German. Written by internationally renowned experts of Germanic linguistics, this Handbook provides a detailed overview and analysis of the structure of modern Germanic languages and dialects. Organized thematically, it addresses key topics in the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of standard and nonstandard varieties of Germanic languages from a comparative perspective. It also includes chapters on second language acquisition, heritage and minority languages, pidgins, and urban vernaculars. The first comprehensive survey of this vast topic, the Handbook is a vital resource for students and researchers investigating the Germanic family of languages and dialects.

Download The Phonology/paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time PDF Full

The Phonology/paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time

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Publisher : Peter Lang
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ISBN : 9781433101151
Pages : 235 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (157 Download)

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Download Free The Phonology/paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time PDF by Irmengard Rauch Full Book and published by Peter Lang. This book was released on 2008 with total page 235 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Phonology / Paraphonology Interface and the Sounds of German Across Time is an excursion into the phonology of the German language in the present, the remote prehistoric past (Indo-European and Germanic), and throughout the almost thousand-year historical era. It accordingly addresses all eras pertaining to the study of the German language in its innermost core, namely, its phonology. This book makes accessible to linguists and non-linguists alike the elements of acoustic and articulatory phonetics. It provides the reader with insight into phonological methods from the Prague Structuralism and Chomskyan Generativism of the last seventy-five years to an array of today's non-linear approaches by applying them to given phonological changes that act as leitmotifs in the research of German sounds through time. The dynamic acts that infuse the structure of German phonology, such as ablaut, umlaut, and various other assimilations, diphthongizations, monophthongizations, and consonant shifts, are all woven into the book. In each of the three time frames, the interface with ample paraphonological data allows the reader to experience «flesh and blood» phonology, that is, how it occurs and to what purpose in the mouth / ear of the speaker / listener of the German language. Not least, the reading of a piece of literature, be it a Runic inscription, the Old High German Otfrid, a Middle High German dawn song, the Early New High German Ackermann aus Böhmen, or a Rilke poem, adds delight to the understanding of the sounds that belong to our most vital and prized human possessions.

Download Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000) PDF Full

Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000)

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN : 311092546X
Pages : 530 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (925 Download)

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Download Free Germanic Language Histories 'from Below' (1700-2000) PDF by Stephan Elspaß Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2007-01-01 with total page 530 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Focusing on the sociolinguistic history of Germanic languages, the current volume challenges the traditional teleological approach of language historiography. The 30 contributions present alternative histories of ten ‘big’ as well as ‘small’ Germanic languages and varieties in the last 300 years. Topics covered in this book include language variation and change and the politics of language contact and choice, seen against the background of standardization processes of written and oral text genres and from the viewpoint of larger sections of the population.

Download A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages PDF Full

A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
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ISBN : 9027263132
Pages : 420 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (263 Download)

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Download Free A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages PDF by R.D. Fulk Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2018-09-15 with total page 420 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fulk’s Comparative Grammar offers an overview of and bibliographical guide to the study of the phonology and the inflectional morphology of the earliest Germanic languages, with particular attention to Gothic, Old Norse / Icelandic, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, and Old High German, along with some attention to the more sparsely attested languages. The sounds and inflections of the oldest Germanic languages are compared, with a view to reconstructing the forms they took in Proto-Germanic and comparing those reconstructed forms with what is known of the Indo-European protolanguage. Students will find the book an informative introduction and a bibliographically instructive point of departure for intensive research in the numerous issues that remain profoundly contested in early Germanic language history.

Download Old English Philology PDF Full

Old English Philology

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Publisher : Boydell & Brewer
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ISBN : 1843844389
Pages : 427 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (844 Download)

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Download Free Old English Philology PDF by Leonard Neidorf Full Book and published by Boydell & Brewer. This book was released on 2016 with total page 427 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Essays bringing out the crucial importance of philology for understanding Old English texts.

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Variation typology

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN : 9783110160833
Pages : 1047 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (838 Download)

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Download Free Variation typology PDF by Thorsten Roelcke Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2003 with total page 1047 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Der Band verbindet erstmals eine sprachtypologische und eine variationslinguistische Betrachtung von 34 europäischen Sprachen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Die einzelnen Sprachen werden dabei jeweils zunächst im Hinblick auf ihre sprachtypologischen Grundzüge auf drei Ebenen charakterisiert: Lautung (Bestand an Vokalen und Konsonanten, Prosodik und weitere Erscheinungen), Morphologie (Inventar an grammatischen Kategorien, Verhältnis zwischen synthetischem und analytischem Sprachbau sowie Repräsentation morphologischer Haupttypen) und Syntax (Wort- und Satzgliedstellung, Einordnung aus Sicht der relationalen Typologie sowie prominenztypologische Einordnung). Im Anschluss hieran werden jeweils die lautliche, morphologische und syntaktische Variation dieser Sprachen in historischer, regionaler, sozialer und funktionaler Hinsicht sprachtypologisch interpretiert sowie auf Konstanten und Tendenzen hin analysiert. Auf diese Weise trägt der Band einerseits zu einem tieferen und breiteren Verständnis der strukturellen Variation europäischer Sprachen bei und eröffnet andererseits neue Perspektiven für die allgemeine und vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft.

Download Bag - Bay Area German Linguistic Fieldwork Project PDF Full

Bag - Bay Area German Linguistic Fieldwork Project

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Publisher : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
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ISBN : 9781433120497
Pages : 359 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (496 Download)

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Download Free Bag - Bay Area German Linguistic Fieldwork Project PDF by Irmengard Rauch Full Book and published by Peter Lang Pub Incorporated. This book was released on 2015-01-20 with total page 359 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The sixteen chapters comprising this book on the Bay Area German Linguistic Fieldwork Project offer over twenty-five years of research into the changing language of native speakers and first-generation American-German speakers residing in the San Francisco Bay Area. Since 1984 the principal project investigator, Irmengard Rauch, together with students of Germanic linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, has elicited and analyzed an array of linguistic phenomena that include politically correct (PC) German, the German language of vulgarity and civility, and the grammar of e-mailing and texting German as well as that of snail-mail German. Comparison data were also gathered from Berlin in the case of the PC German and from Bonn in the case of the vulgarity/civility project. In recording the sounds of spoken German in the Bay Area, the BAG fieldworkers interviewed not only German-speaking adults but also first-generation German-speaking children (yielding a -Kinderlect- to compare with the spoken English of both of these groups. Still other studies focus on the interplay among gesture, emotion, and language; canine-human communication; the architecture of the lie; and the architecture of the apology. Chapter one details the modus operandi of the BAG research project.<BR> This book is useful for the study of the sociolinguistics of German, English-German bilingualism, general linguistics, and the methods of linguistic fieldwork."

Download Schweifgebiete PDF Full

Schweifgebiete

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Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
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ISBN : 3643102097
Pages : 346 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (12 Download)

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Download Free Schweifgebiete PDF by Alke Dohrmann Full Book and published by LIT Verlag Münster. This book was released on 2010 with total page 346 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Lenition and Vowel Lengthening in the Germanic Languages PDF Full

Lenition and Vowel Lengthening in the Germanic Languages

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 1107034507
Pages : 292 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (34 Download)

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Download Free Lenition and Vowel Lengthening in the Germanic Languages PDF by Kurt Goblirsch Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018-05-24 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The interrelationship between three major quantity changes in the history of the Germanic languages: gemination, lenition, and open syllable lengthening.

Download The Nordic Languages PDF Full

The Nordic Languages

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN : 3110148765
Pages : 1057 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (148 Download)

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Download Free The Nordic Languages PDF by Oskar Bandle Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2002 with total page 1057 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The handbook is not tied to a particular methodology but keeps in principle to a pronounced methodological pluralism, encompassing all aspects of actual methodology. Moreover it combines diachronic with synchronic-systematic aspects, longitudinal sections with cross-sections (periods such as Old Norse, transition from Old Norse to Early Modern Nordic, Early Modern Nordic 1550-1800 and so on). The description of Nordic language history is built upon a comprehensive collection of linguistic data; it consists of more than 200 articles written by a multitude of authors from Scandinavian and German and English speaking countries. The organization of the book combines a central part on the detailed chronological developments and some chapters of a more general character: chapters on theory and methodology in the beginning and on overlapping spatio-temporal topics in the end.

Download Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language PDF Full

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN : 9400726805
Pages : 970 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (726 Download)

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Download Free Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language PDF by Edward Keenan Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-03-30 with total page 970 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Covering a strikingly diverse range of languages from 12 linguistic families, this handbook is based on responses to a questionnaire constructed by the editors. Focusing on the formation, distribution and semantic interpretation of quantificational expressions, the book explores 17 languages including German, Italian, Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Malagasy, Hebrew, Pima, Basque, and more. The language data sets enable detailed crosslinguistic comparison of numerous features. These include semantic classes of quantifiers (generalized existential, generalized universal, proportional, partitive), syntactically complex quantifiers (intensive modification, Boolean compounding, exception phrases) and several others such as quantifier scope ambiguities, quantifier float, and binary quantifiers. Its theory-independent content extends earlier work by Matthewson (2008) and Bach et al. (1995), making this handbook suitable for linguists, semanticians, philosophers of language and logicians alike.

Download Beiträge Zur Morphologie PDF Full

Beiträge Zur Morphologie

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 8776742490
Pages : 484 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (742 Download)

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Download Free Beiträge Zur Morphologie PDF by Hans Fix Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 2007-01-01 with total page 484 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Der vorliegende Band, der auf ein interdisziplinäres Symposion Morphologische Probleme in den Sprachen der Ostseeanrainer im September 2005 am Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg Greifswald zurückgeht, enthält Beiträge von Norbert Endres (Greifswald), Frank Heidermanns (Köln), Arend Quak (Amsterdam), Klaus Dietz (Berlin), Lucia Kornexl (Greifswald), Thomas Klein (Bonn), Dieter Möhn & Ingrid Schröder (Hamburg), Steffen Krogh (Århus), Andrea de Leeuw van Weenen (Leiden), Hans Fix (Greifswald), Andreas Schabalin (Greifswald), Dominika Skrzypek (Poznan), Hans Götzsche (Aalborg), Rainer Fecht (Berlin), Jochen D. Range (Netzelkow), Riho Grünthal (Helsinki), Johanna Laakso (Wien) und Marko Pantermöller (Greifswald).

Download How Epistemic Modifiers Emerge PDF Full

How Epistemic Modifiers Emerge

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN : 3110411024
Pages : 611 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (411 Download)

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Download Free How Epistemic Modifiers Emerge PDF by Jakob Maché Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2019-03-04 with total page 611 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book delivers the first comprehensive study on German modal verbs which summarises and critically reflects the discussion of the last 500 years, checks these findings against large corpus data and is accessible to the English reader. It is shown that non-epistemic modal verbs modify events, whereas their epistemic counterparts modify the proposition, and how the latter developed from the former.

Download The Nordic Languages PDF Full

The Nordic Languages

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110197057
Pages : 1084 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (197 Download)

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Download Free The Nordic Languages PDF by Oscar Bandle Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2002-01-01 with total page 1084 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.