Download Master of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort PDF Full

Master of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 3030555488
Pages : 356 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (555 Download)

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Download Free Master of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort PDF by Pieter C. van der Kruit Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-28 with total page 356 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This accessible and entertaining biography chronicles the life and triumphs of astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort, who helped lay the foundations of modern astronomy in the 20th century. The book puts into context some of Oort's most significant achievements, including his discovery that the Milky Way rotates, as well as his famous hypothesis that our Solar System is surrounded by a reservoir of comets — now simply known as the Oort Cloud. Written by Oort’s former student, this fascinating story also delves into Oort’s pivotal role in the foundation of major astronomical facilities, including radio telescopes in the Netherlands and the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which now operates the most successful astronomical observatories in the world. The book draws extensively on new archival research through the Oort Archives, along with personal reminiscences by Oort’s son and astronomer-grandson, to paint a more detailed picture of Oort’s life not just as an astronomer, but also as a husband, father, and citizen. The strong public interest in comets triggered by the Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko and the recently discovered interstellar comet in the Solar System make this book particularly timely.

Download Jan Hendrik Oort PDF Full

Jan Hendrik Oort

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3030178013
Pages : 726 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (178 Download)

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Download Free Jan Hendrik Oort PDF by Pieter C. van der Kruit Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-07-16 with total page 726 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is the first thorough and overdue biography of one of the giants of science in the twentieth century, Jan Hendrik Oort. His fundamental contributions had a lasting effect on the development of our insight and a profound influence on the international organization and cooperation in his area of science and on the efforts and contribution of his native country. This book aims at describing Oort's life and works in the context of the development of his branch of science and as a tribute to a great scientist in a broader sense. The astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort from the Netherlands was founder of studies of the structure and dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy, initiator of radioastronomy and the European Southern Observatory, and an important contributor to many areas of astronomy, from the study of comets to the universe on the largest scales.

Download Pioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn PDF Full

Pioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 3030554236
Pages : 317 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (554 Download)

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Download Free Pioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn PDF by Pieter C. van der Kruit Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-28 with total page 317 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This non-technical biography of Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn (1851-1922) presents to the general reader the scientific life of the astronomer who pioneered the studies of the structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. In telling Kapteyn’s story the author weaves in astronomy basics and uses modern astronomical images to show the developments of astronomical research from Kapteyn’s times to the present. In particular the study of the distribution of stars in space has now culminated with spectacular new insights coming from the astrometric satellite GAIA, which is receiving much public attention today. The biography shows how Kapteyn’s ideas influenced prominent astronomers worldwide. He is prominent as designer of the Kapteyn Universe, the alternative to the large system found by Harlow Shapley. He is the discoverer of Kapteyn’s Star, still the second fastest moving star in the sky, which is now one of the nearest stars with a planet in the habitable zone. This fascinating hybrid of astronomy history and popular astronomy tells the story of the astronomy professor without an observatory who founded the first astronomical laboratory specializing in measuring photographic plates exposed elsewhere. Kapteyn took astronomy out of cataloguing stars to measuring distances and velocities in order to study their spatial distribution, systematic motions (Kapteyn’s Star Streams) and the equilibrium between their gravity and motions. His legacy includes, in addition to the first application of Galactic structure and dynamics, Jan Hendrik Oort, the famous astronomer from Leiden, who as a student was so impressed by Kapteyn’s lectures that he decided to become an astronomer.

Download Pioneer and Master of Galactic Astronomy: Biographies of Jacobus C. Kapteyn and Jan Hendrik Oort - Set PDF Full

Pioneer and Master of Galactic Astronomy: Biographies of Jacobus C. Kapteyn and Jan Hendrik Oort - Set

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 9783030621001
Pages : 537 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (6 Download)

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Download Free Pioneer and Master of Galactic Astronomy: Biographies of Jacobus C. Kapteyn and Jan Hendrik Oort - Set PDF by Pieter C. van der Kruit Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2021-02-11 with total page 537 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a set offering the Springer books “Pioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn” (ISBN 978-3-030-55422-4) and “Master of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort” (ISBN 978-3-030-55547-4). These accessible and entertaining biographies written by Piet van der Kruit chronicle lives and achievements of two pioneering astronomers of their time. KAPTEYN-BIOGRAPHY: This non-technical biography of Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn (1851-1922) presents to the general reader the scientific life of the astronomer who pioneered the studies of the structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. In telling Kapteyn’s story the author weaves in astronomy basics and uses modern astronomical images to show the developments of astronomical research from Kapteyn’s times to the present. In particular the study of the distribution of stars in space has now culminated with spectacular new insights coming from the astrometric satellite GAIA, which is receiving much public attention today. The biography shows how Kapteyn’s ideas influenced prominent astronomers worldwide. He is prominent as designer of the Kapteyn Universe, the alternative to the large system found by Harlow Shapley. He is the discoverer of Kapteyn’s Star, still the second fastest moving star in the sky, which is now one of the nearest stars with a planet in the habitable zone. This fascinating hybrid of astronomy history and popular astronomy tells the story of the astronomy professor without an observatory who founded the first astronomical laboratory specializing in measuring photographic plates exposed elsewhere. Kapteyn took astronomy out of cataloguing stars to measuring distances and velocities in order to study their spatial distribution, systematic motions (Kapteyn’s Star Streams) and the equilibrium between their gravity and motions. His legacy includes, in addition to the first application of Galactic structure and dynamics, Jan Hendrik Oort, the famous astronomer from Leiden, who as a student was so impressed by Kapteyn’s lectures that he decided to become an astronomer. OORT-BIOGRAPHY: This accessible and entertaining biography chronicles the life and triumphs of astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort, who helped lay the foundations of modern astronomy in the 20th century. The book puts into context some of Oort's most significant achievements, including his discovery that the Milky Way rotates, as well as his famous hypothesis that our Solar System is surrounded by a reservoir of comets — now simply known as the Oort Cloud. Written by Oort’s former student, this fascinating story also delves into Oort’s pivotal role in the foundation of major astronomical facilities, including radio telescopes in the Netherlands and the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which now operates the most successful astronomical observatories in the world. The book draws extensively on new archival research through the Oort Archives, along with personal reminiscences by Oort’s son and astronomer-grandson, to paint a more detailed picture of Oort’s life not just as an astronomer, but also as a husband, father, and citizen. The strong public interest in comets triggered by the Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko and the recently discovered interstellar comet in the Solar System make this book particularly timely.

Download The Elephant in the Universe PDF Full

The Elephant in the Universe

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN : 0674276175
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (276 Download)

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Download Free The Elephant in the Universe PDF by Govert Schilling Full Book and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2022-05-31 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An award-winning science journalist details the quest to isolate and understand dark matter—and shows how that search has helped us to understand the universe we inhabit. When you train a telescope on outer space, you can see luminous galaxies, nebulae, stars, and planets. But if you add all that together, it constitutes only 15 percent of the matter in the universe. Despite decades of research, the nature of the remaining 85 percent is unknown. We call it dark matter. In The Elephant in the Universe, Govert Schilling explores the fascinating history of the search for dark matter. Evidence for its existence comes from a wealth of astronomical observations. Theories and computer simulations of the evolution of the universe are also suggestive: they can be reconciled with astronomical measurements only if dark matter is a dominant component of nature. Physicists have devised huge, sensitive instruments to search for dark matter, which may be unlike anything else in the cosmos—some unknown elementary particle. Yet so far dark matter has escaped every experiment. Indeed, dark matter is so elusive that some scientists are beginning to suspect there might be something wrong with our theories about gravity or with the current paradigms of cosmology. Schilling interviews both believers and heretics and paints a colorful picture of the history and current status of dark matter research, with astronomers and physicists alike trying to make sense of theory and observation. Taking a holistic view of dark matter as a problem, an opportunity, and an example of science in action, The Elephant in the Universe is a vivid tale of scientists puzzling their way toward the true nature of the universe.

Download The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 8, Modern Science in National, Transnational, and Global Context PDF Full

The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 8, Modern Science in National, Transnational, and Global Context

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 1108863353
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (863 Download)

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Download Free The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 8, Modern Science in National, Transnational, and Global Context PDF by Hugh Richard Slotten Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-04-09 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume in the highly respected Cambridge History of Science series is devoted to exploring the history of modern science using national, transnational, and global frames of reference. Organized by topic and culture, its essays by distinguished scholars offer the most comprehensive and up-to-date nondisciplinary history of modern science currently available. Essays are grouped together in separate sections that represent larger regions: Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, East and Southeast Asia, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania, and Latin America. Each of these regional groupings ends with a separate essay reflecting on the analysis in the preceding chapters. Intended to provide a balanced and inclusive treatment of the modern world, contributors analyze the history of science not only in local, national, and regional contexts but also with respect to the circulation of knowledge, tools, methods, people, and artifacts across national borders.

Download Minding the Heavens PDF Full

Minding the Heavens

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Publisher : CRC Press
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ISBN : 1000383946
Pages : 302 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (383 Download)

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Download Free Minding the Heavens PDF by Leila Belkora Full Book and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2021-05-13 with total page 302 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Today, we recognize that we live on a planet circling the sun, that our sun is just one of billions of stars in the galaxy we call the Milky Way, and that our galaxy is but one of billions born out of the Big Bang. Yet as recently as the early twentieth century, the general public and even astronomers had vague and confused notions about what lay beyond the visible stars. Can we see to the edge of the universe? Do we live in a system that would look, from a distance, like a spiral nebula? This fully updated second edition of Minding the Heavens: The Story of Our Discovery of the Milky Way explores how we learned that we live in a galaxy, in a universe of composed of galaxies and unseen, mysterious dark matter. The story unfolds through short biographies of seven astronomers: Thomas Wright, William Herschel, and Wilhelm Struve of the 18th and 19th centuries; the transitional figure of William Huggins; and Jacobus Kapteyn, Harlow Shapley, and Edwin Hubble of the modern, big-telescope era. Each contributed key insights to our present understanding of where we live in the cosmos, and each was directly inspired by the work of his predecessors to decipher "the construction of the heavens." Along the way the narrative weaves in the contributions of those in supportive roles, including Caroline Herschel—William’s sister, and the first woman paid to do astronomy—and Martha Shapley, a mathematician in her own right who carried out calculations for her spouse. Through this historical perspective readers will gain a new appreciation of our magnificent Milky Way galaxy and of the beauties of the night sky, from ghostly nebulae to sparkling star clusters. Features: Fully updated throughout to reflect the latest in our understanding of the Milky Way, from our central supermassive black hole to the prospect of future mergers with other galaxies in our Local Group. Explains the significance of current research, including from the Gaia mission mapping our galaxy in unprecedented detail Unique and broadly appealing approach. A biographical framework and ample illustrations lead the reader by easy, enjoyable steps to a well-rounded understanding of the history of astronomy. Praise for the first edition— "A terrific blend of the science and the history." - Marth Haynes, Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University "The book is a treat... Highly recommended for public and academic libraries." -Peter Hepburn (now Head Librarian, College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, California)

Download A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy, Updated Edition PDF Full

A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy, Updated Edition

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Publisher : Infobase Holdings, Inc
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ISBN : 1438183321
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (183 Download)

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Download Free A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy, Updated Edition PDF by Joseph Angelo Full Book and published by Infobase Holdings, Inc. This book was released on 2019-11-01 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Designed for middle and high school students, A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy, Updated Edition is an ideal reference for notable male and female scientists in the field of space and astronomy, from antiquity to the present. Containing nearly 150 entries and approximately 50 black-and-white photographs, this exciting title emphasizes these scientists' contributions to the field as well as their effects on those who have followed. People covered include: Al-Battani (858–929 CE) Aryabhata (476–550 CE) Tycho Brahe (1546–1601) Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) Stephen Hawking (1942–2018) James Van Allen (1914–2006) Katherine G. Johnson (1918–present) Eugene Parker (1927–2016) Dorothy Vaughan (1910–2008)

Download Neptune: From Grand Discovery to a World Revealed PDF Full

Neptune: From Grand Discovery to a World Revealed

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 3030542181
Pages : 403 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (542 Download)

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Download Free Neptune: From Grand Discovery to a World Revealed PDF by William Sheehan Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-05-21 with total page 403 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The 1846 discovery of Neptune is one of the most remarkable stories in the history of science and astronomy. John Couch Adams and U.J. Le Verrier both investigated anomalies in the motion of Uranus and independently predicted the existence and location of this new planet. However, interpretations of the events surrounding this discovery have long been mired in controversy. Who first predicted the new planet? Was the discovery just a lucky fluke? The ensuing storm engaged astronomers across Europe and the United States. Written by an international group of authors, this pathbreaking volume explores in unprecedented depth the contentious history of Neptune’s discovery, drawing on newly discovered documents and re-examining the historical record. In so doing, we gain new understanding of the actions of key individuals and sharper insights into the pressures acting on them. The discovery of Neptune was a captivating mathematical moment and was widely regarded at the time as the greatest triumph of Newton’s theory of universal gravitation. The book therefore begins with Newton’s development of his ideas of gravity. It examines too the mathematical calculations related to the discovery of Neptune, using new theories and tools provided by advances in celestial mechanics over the past twenty years. Through this process, the book analyzes why the mathematical approach that proved so potent in the discovery of Neptune, grand as it was, could not help produce similar discoveries despite several valiant attempts. In the final chapters, we see how the discovery of Neptune marked the end of one quest—to explain the wayward motions of Uranus—and the beginning of another quest to fill in the map and understand the nature of the outer Solar System, whose icy precincts Neptune, as the outermost of the giant planets, bounds.

Download New Dictionary of Scientific Biography PDF Full

New Dictionary of Scientific Biography

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Publisher : Scribner
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ISBN :
Pages : 438 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (16 Download)

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Download Free New Dictionary of Scientific Biography PDF by Noretta Koertge Full Book and published by Scribner. This book was released on 2008 with total page 438 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Also available online as part of the Gale Virtual Reference Library under the title Complete dictionary of scientific biography.

Download Guide to the Archival Collections in the Niels Bohr Library PDF Full

Guide to the Archival Collections in the Niels Bohr Library

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Publisher : American Institute of Physics
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ISBN :
Pages : 606 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (15 Download)

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Download Free Guide to the Archival Collections in the Niels Bohr Library PDF by Niels Bohr Library Full Book and published by American Institute of Physics. This book was released on 1994 with total page 606 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume contains a guide to the archival collections of the Niels Bohr Library at the American Institute of Physics.

Download Academic American Encyclopedia PDF Full

Academic American Encyclopedia

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Pages : 602 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (15 Download)

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Download Free Academic American Encyclopedia PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1996 with total page 602 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Encyclopedia Americana PDF Full

The Encyclopedia Americana

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ISBN :
Pages : 1088 pages
Rating : 4.S/5 (39 Download)

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Download Free The Encyclopedia Americana PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1962 with total page 1088 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte PDF Full

Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte

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ISBN : 9783944913582
Pages : 375 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (582 Download)

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Download Free Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte PDF by Wolfgang R. Dick Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2019-12-18 with total page 375 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: