Download Free Proceedings of the 2011 Theoretical Advanced Study Institute in Elementary Particle Physics PDF by Tim M. P. Tait Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2013 with total page 800 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume contains write-ups for the lectures at TASI 2011, held in Boulder Colorado, June 2011. They cover topics in theoretical particle physics including the Standard Model and beyond, dark matter, collider physics, and cosmology, at a level intended to be accessible to doctoral students at the initial stages of their research careers.
Download Free Weigh Them All! PDF by Sunny Vagnozzi Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-08-13 with total page 195 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The three neutrinos are ghostly elementary particles that exist all across the Universe. Though every second billions of them fly through us, they are extremely hard to detect. We used to think they had no mass, but recently discovered that in fact they have a tiny mass. The quest for the neutrino mass scale and mass ordering (specifying how the three masses are distributed) is an extremely exciting one, and will open the door towards new physics operating at energy scales we can only ever dream of reaching on Earth. This thesis explores the use of measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background (the oldest light reaching us, a snapshot of the infant Universe) and maps of millions of galaxies to go after the neutrino mass scale and mass ordering. Neutrinos might teach us something about the mysterious dark energy powering the accelerated expansion of the Universe, or about cosmic inflation, which seeded the initial conditions for the Universe. Though extremely baffling, neutrinos are also an exceptionally exciting area of research, and cosmological observations promise to reveal a great deal about these elusive particles in the coming years.
Download Free Anticipating the Next Discoveries in Particle Physics PDF by Essig Rouven Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2018-05-21 with total page 636 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a compilation of lectures delivered at the TASI 2016 summer school, 'Anticipating the Next Discoveries in Particle Physics', held at the University of Colorado at Boulder in June 2016. The school focused on topics in theoretical particle physics, phenomenology, dark matter, and cosmology of interest to contemporary researchers in these fields. The lectures are accessible to graduate students in the initial stages of their research careers.
Download Free Cosmological Implications of Quantum Anomalies PDF by Neil David Barrie Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-07-21 with total page 140 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The successes of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology are many, but have proven incapable of explaining all the phenomena that we observe. This book investigates the potentially important role of quantum physics, particularly quantum anomalies, in various aspects of modern cosmology, such as inflation, the dynamical generation of the visible and dark matter in the universe, and gravitational waves. By doing so, the authors demonstrate that exploring the links between cosmology and particle physics is key to helping solve the mysteries of our Universe.
Download Free New Frontiers in Fields and Strings PDF by Joseph Polchinski Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2016-11-28 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a compilation of lectures delivered at the TASI 2015 summer school, "New Frontiers in Fields and Strings", held at the University of Colorado Boulder in June 2015. The school focused on topics in theoretical physics of interest to contemporary researchers in quantum field theory and string theory. The lectures are accessible to graduate students in the initial stages of their research careers.
Download Free Indirect Searches for New Physics PDF by Alexey A. Petrov Full Book and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2021-05-04 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is the first book to discuss the search for new physics in charged leptons, neutrons, and quarks in one coherent volume. The area of indirect searches for new physics is highly topical; though no new physics particles have yet been observed directly at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the methods described in this book will provide researchers with the necessary tools to keep searching for new physics. It describes the lines of research that attempt to identify quantum effects of new physics particles in low-energy experiments, in addition to detailing the mathematical basis and theoretical and phenomenological methods involved in the searches, whilst making a clear distinction between model-dependent and model-independent methods employed to make predictions. This book will be a valuable guide for graduate students and early-career researchers in particle and high energy physics who wish to learn about the techniques used in modern predictions of new physics effects at low energies, whilst also serving as a reference for researchers at other levels. Key features: • Takes an accessible, pedagogical approach suitable for graduate students and those seeking an overview of this new and fast-growing field • Illustrates common theoretical trends seen in different subfields of particle physics • Valuable both for researchers in the phenomenology of elementary particles and for experimentalists
Download Free Journeys Through The Precision Frontier: Amplitudes For Colliders (Tasi 2014) - Proceedings Of The 2014 Theoretical Advanced Study Institute In Elementary Particle Physics PDF by Dixon Lance Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2015-09-17 with total page 636 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a compilation of the lectures at TASI 2014. The coverage focuses on modern calculational techniques for scattering amplitudes, and on the phenomenology of QCD in hadronic collisions. Introductions to flavor physics, dark matter, and physics beyond the Standard Model are also provided. The lectures are accessible to graduate students at the initial stages of their research careers.
Download Free Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology PDF by Sacha Davidson Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-04-20 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The topic of the CVIII session of the Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in July 2017, was Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Effective Field Theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows to perform precise calculations in established models (such as the Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology), as well as to concisely parametrise possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Models. The goal of this school was to offer a broad introduction to the foundations and modern applications of Effective Field Theory in many of its incarnations. This is all the more important as there are preciously few textbooks covering the subject, none of them in a complete way. In this book, the lecturers present the concepts in a pedagogical way so that readers can adapt some of the latest developments to their own problems. The chapters cover almost all the lectures given at the school and will serve as an introduction to the topic and as a reference manual to students and researchers.
Download Free Particle Physics of Brane Worlds and Extra Dimensions PDF by Sreerup Raychaudhuri Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2016-05-16 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A comprehensive account of new models of extra dimensions which form an important part of present-day high-energy physics.
Download Free Study of the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector for the LHC PDF by Rafael Delgado López Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-06-29 with total page 197 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this dissertation, we revisit the prospects of a strongly interacting theory for the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector of the Standard Model, after the discovery of a Higgs-like boson at 125GeV. As the LHC constrains new phenomena near the Higgs mass, it is natural to assume that the new scale is of order 1TeV. This mass gap might indicate strongly interacting new physics. This work is of quite general validity and model independence. With only a few parameters at the Lagrangian level, multiple channels (possibly with new physics resonances) are describable, and many BSM theories can be treated. It will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers, and is accessible to newcomers in the field. Many calculations are given in full detail and there are ample graphical illustrations.
Download Free Higgs boson potential at colliders: status and perspectives PDF by Biagio Di Micco Full Book and published by Roma TrE-Press. This book was released on 2020-12-18 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Questo documento riassume lo stato attuale degli ricerche studi, teorici e sperimentali, sulla produzione di coppie di bosoni di Higgs, e sui vincoli, sia diretti che indiretti, al valore del termine di auto-interazione del bosone di Higgs, con l’intento di servire da referenza per i prossimi anni. Il documento discute lo stato degli studi teorici, includendo le più recenti stime della sezione di produzione di coppie di bosoni di Higgs, sviluppi sulle teorie di campo efficaci, e studi su specifici scenari di nuova fisica che possono contribuire alla produzione di due bosoni di Higgs. Sono presentati i più recenti risultati sperimentali sulle ricerche di coppie di bosoni di Higgs e sui limiti diretti e indiretti al termine di auto-interazione, ottenuti al Large Hadron Collider di Ginevra, con una panoramica delle tecniche sperimentali. Infine, sono discusse le capacità dei collisionatori futuri di determinare il termine di auto-interazione del bosone di Higgs. Questo lavoro è iniziato come raccolta di contributi della conferenza “Di-Higgs ai Colliders”, che ha avuto luogo a Fermilab dal 4 al 9 settembre 2018, ma gli argomenti discussi vanno al di là di quelli presentati alla conferenza, includendo ulteriori sviluppi.
Download Free Production Yield of Muon-Induced Neutrons in Lead PDF by Holger Kluck Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-07-28 with total page 382 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The work presented in this book is a major step towards understanding and eventually suppressing background in the direct search for dark matter particles scattering off germanium detectors. Although the flux of cosmic muons is reduced by many orders of magnitude in underground laboratories, the remaining energetic muons induce neutrons through various processes, neutrons that can potentially mimic a dark matter signal. This thesis describes the measurement of muon-induced neutrons over more than 3 years in the Modane underground laboratory. The data are complemented by a thorough modeling of the neutron signal using the GEANT4 simulation package, demonstrating the appropriateness of this tool to model these rare processes. As a result, a precise neutron production yield can be presented. Thus, future underground experiments will be able to reliably model the expected rate of muon-induced neutrons, making it possible to develop the necessary shielding concept to suppress this background component.
Download Free Effective Field Theories for Heavy Majorana Neutrinos in a Thermal Bath PDF by Simone Biondini Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-02 with total page 215 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this thesis we discuss the construction of an effective field theory (EFT) for non-relativistic Majorana fermions, show how to use it to calculate observables in a thermal medium, and derive the effects of these thermal particles on the CP asymmetry. The methods described in this thesis allow a systematic and effective description of the non-relativistic dynamics of a heavy Majorana fermion at finite temperature. The CP asymmetry is studied for hierarchical and nearly degenerate heavy-neutrino masses and the analysis includes the treatment of lepton-flavor effects. Heavy Majorana neutrinos are involved in many scenarios of physics beyond the standard model and, in the leptogenesis framework, they are at the root of the baryon asymmetry in the Universe. Besides simplifying exist in g results, the EFT approach provides useful tools for addressing even more involved observables. Indeed, taken together, the approach and the material presented here represent an important step toward a systematic improvement of our knowledge of the CP asymmetry in heavy-neutrino decays at finite temperature.
Download Free Particle Physics At The Tercentenary Of Mikhail Lomonosov - Proceeding Of The Fifteenth Lomonosov Conference On Elementary Particle Physics PDF by Alexander I Studenikin Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2012-11-27 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is devoted to a wide variety of investigations, both in theory and experiment, of particle physics such as electroweak theory, fundamental symmetries, tests of the Standard Model and beyond, neutrino and astroparticle physics, heavy quark physics, non-perturbative QCD, quantum gravity effects, and present and future accelerator physics.
Download Free Gravitational Theories Beyond General Relativity PDF by Iberê Kuntz Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-05-21 with total page 82 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Despite the success of general relativity in explaining classical gravitational phenomena, several problems at the interface between gravitation and high energy physics still remain open. The purpose of this thesis is to explore quantum gravity and its phenomenological consequences for dark matter, gravitational waves and inflation. A new formalism to classify gravitational theories based on their degrees of freedom is introduced and, in light of this classification, it is argued that dark matter is no different from modified gravity. Gravitational waves are shown to be damped due to quantum degrees of freedom. The consequences for gravitational wave events are also discussed. The non-minimal coupling of the Higgs boson to gravity is studied in connection with Starobinsky inflation and its implications for the vacuum instability problem is analyzed.
Download Free Gauge Theory of Weak Decays PDF by Andrzej Buras Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-05-31 with total page 650 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The ultimate question of elementary particle physics is: What is the fundamental Lagrangian of nature surrounding us? The Lagrangian of the SM is very successful in describing nature at the currently available energy range. The discovery of the Higgs boson completed the particle spectrum of the SM and it is another proof of how well the SM works. Nevertheless the SM cannot be the end of the story and it is for sure not the fundamental Lagrangian of nature. The Lagrangian of the SM looses its validity at the latest at the Planck scale where gravitational effects become noticeable.Most physicists think of the SM as an effective theory that has to be replaced by a more fundamental theory above the TeV scale. What the word effective really means will hopefully be clear at later stages of our book. For the time being we will list some problems and open questions of the SM"--
Download Free Delta N Formalism In Cosmological Perturbation Theory PDF by Ali Akbar Abolhasani Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2019-01-30 with total page 184 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Early Universe cosmology is an active area of research and cosmic inflation is a pillar of modern cosmology. Among predictions of inflation, observationally the most important one is the generation of cosmological perturbations from quantum vacuum fluctuations that source all inhomogeneous structures in the Universe, not to mention the large-scale structures such as clusters of galaxies.Cosmological perturbation theory is the basic tool to study the perturbations generated from inflation. There are a few different approaches to primordial cosmological perturbations. In the conventional approach one perturbs the field equations and after quantizing the perturbations by the use of the corresponding action, one calculates the power spectrum of cosmological observables. This approach extends to higher order perturbations such as bispectrum etc., but the analysis becomes increasingly difficult.The delta N formalism, the topic of this book, is an alternative approach. The novelty of this approach is that, under the condition that the scale of interest is very large so that the spatial derivatives may be ignored in the dynamics, it can be applied to all orders in perturbation theory and has a rigorous foundation in general relativity. Thanks to the fact that one can evaluate perturbations with only the knowledge of background solutions, it is proved to be much easier than the conventional approach in evaluating higher order effects in many cases.