Download The Black Struggle for Public Schooling in Nineteenth-Century Illinois PDF Full

The Black Struggle for Public Schooling in Nineteenth-Century Illinois

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Publisher : SIU Press
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ISBN : 0809380536
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (38 Download)

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Download Free The Black Struggle for Public Schooling in Nineteenth-Century Illinois PDF by Robert L. McCaul Full Book and published by SIU Press. This book was released on 2009-03-10 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the pre-Civil War and Civil War periods the Illinois black code deprived blacks of suffrage and court rights, and the Illinois Free Schools Act kept most black children out of public schooling. But, as McCaul documents, they did not sit idly by. They applied the concepts of “ bargaining power” (rewarding, punishing, and dialectical) and the American ideal of “ community” to participate in winning two major victories during this era. By the use of dialectical power, exerted mainly via John Jones’ tract, The Black Laws of Illinois, they helped secure the repeal of the state’ s black code; by means of punishing power, mainly through boycotts and ‘ ‘ invasions,’ ’ they exerted pressures that brought a cancellation of the Chicago public school policy of racial segregation. McCaul makes clear that the blacks’ struggle for school rights is but one of a number of such struggles waged by disadvantaged groups (women, senior citizens, ethnics, and immigrants). He postulates a “ stage’ ’ pattern for the history of the black struggle— a pattern of efforts by federal and state courts to change laws and constitutions, followed by efforts to entice, force, or persuade local authorities to comply with the laws and constitutional articles and with the decrees of the courts.

Download America's First Black Town PDF Full

America's First Black Town

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Publisher : University of Illinois Press
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ISBN : 9780252025372
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (377 Download)

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Download Free America's First Black Town PDF by Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua Full Book and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2000 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua traces Brooklyn's transformation from a freedom village into a residential commuter satellite that supplied cheap labor to the city and the region.".

Download Women’s Rights, Racial Integration, and Education from 1850–1920 PDF Full

Women’s Rights, Racial Integration, and Education from 1850–1920

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 0230101445
Pages : 189 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (11 Download)

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Download Free Women’s Rights, Racial Integration, and Education from 1850–1920 PDF by M. Noraian Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2009-11-09 with total page 189 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This historical biography examines Sarah Raymond Fitzwilliam's abolitionist roots growing up on a stop of the Underground Railroad, her training at a 'normal school,' her tenure as a teacher, principal and the nation's first city school superintendent (Bloomington, Illinois 1874-1892).

Download An African American Dilemma PDF Full

An African American Dilemma

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0190605154
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (65 Download)

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Download Free An African American Dilemma PDF by Zoë Burkholder Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021-07-05 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An African American Dilemma offers the first social history of northern Black debates over school integration versus separation from the 1840s to the present. Since Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 Americans have viewed school integration as a central tenet of the Black civil rights movement. Yet, school integration was not the only--or even always the dominant--civil rights strategy. At times, African Americans also fought for separate, Black controlled schools dedicated to racial uplift and community empowerment. An African American Dilemma offers a social history of these debates within northern Black communities from the 1840s to the present. Drawing on sources including the Black press, school board records, social science studies, the papers of civil rights activists, and court cases, it reveals that northern Black communities, urban and suburban, vacillated between a preference for either school integration or separation during specific eras. Yet, there was never a consensus. It also highlights the chorus of dissent, debate, and counter-narratives that pushed families to consider a fuller range of educational reforms. A sweeping historical analysis that covers the entire history of public education in the North, this work complicates our understanding of school integration by highlighting the diverse perspectives of Black students, parents, teachers, and community leaders all committed to improving public education. It finds that Black school integrationists and separatists have worked together in a dynamic tension that fueled effective strategies for educational reform and the Black civil rights movement, a discussion that continues to be highly charged in present-day schooling choices.

Download A Guide to the History of Illinois PDF Full

A Guide to the History of Illinois

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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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ISBN : 9780313241109
Pages : 349 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (14 Download)

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Download Free A Guide to the History of Illinois PDF by John Hoffmann Full Book and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 1991 with total page 349 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A guide to the literature and sources of Illinois history. It includes descriptions of both primary and secondary sources. The first part of the book consists of bibliographical essays that focus on particular periods and topics in Illinois history. The second part includes 12 reports on the principal archival and manuscript repositories for documentation in the field of Illinois history. A final chapter surveys Illinois-related collections in the Library of Congress and the National Archives. Reference & Research Book News John Hoffmann's volume is the first comprehensive guide to the literature and sources of Illinois history. It includes full and careful descriptions of both primary and secondary sources. The first part of the book consists of bibliographical essays that focus on particular periods and topics in Illinois history. Eight chapters are devoted to specific areas, from 1673 to the present, while six chapters are thematic in nature, covering, for instance, the religious and educational history of the state, the voluminous literature on Chicago, and the subject of Abraham Lincoln in Illinois. These essays are preceded by introductory remarks on historical surveys, reference books, and periodicals in the field, studies of such topics as the medical and legal history of the state, and publications relating to maps and newspapers of Illinois. This long overdue guide will bring together the vast accumulation of primary and secondary materials that defines Illinois history. The nature and scope of this guide is unmatched by any previous work. The second part includes twelve reports on the principal archival and manuscript repositories for documentation in the field of Illinois history. This section provides detailed information on specific collections within the context of related sources on particular periods and topics. A final chapter surveys Illinois-related collections in the Library of Congress and the National Archives. As part of the series Reference Guides to State History and Research, this book provides a valuable resource for researchers, students, genealogists, and the interested public, and is an appropriate selection for reference collections in American, regional, or Illinois history.

Download The Walls around Opportunity PDF Full

The Walls around Opportunity

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN : 0691236828
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (236 Download)

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Download Free The Walls around Opportunity PDF by Gary Orfield Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2022-05-03 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The case for race-conscious education policy In our unequal society, families of color fully share the dream of college but their children often attend schools that do not prepare them, and the higher education system gives the best opportunities to the most privileged. Students of color hope for college but often face a dead end. For many young people, racial inequality puts them at a disadvantage from early childhood. The Walls around Opportunity argues that colorblind policies have made college inaccessible to a large share of students of color, and reveals how policies that acknowledge racial inequalities and set racial equality goals can succeed where colorblindness has failed. Gary Orfield paints a troubling portrait of American higher education, explaining how profound racial gaps imbedded in virtually every stage of our children’s lives pose a major threat to communities of color and the nation. He describes how the 1960s and early 1970s was the only period in history to witness sustained efforts at racial equity in higher education, and how the Reagan era ushered in today’s colorblind policies, which ignore the realities of color inequality. Orfield shows how this misguided policy has resegregated public schools, exacerbated inequalities in college preparation, denied needed financial aid to families, and led to huge price increases over decades that have seen little real gain in income for most Americans. Drawing on a wealth of new data and featuring commentaries by Stella Flores and James Anderson, this timely and urgent book shows how colorblind policies serve only to raise the walls of segregation higher, and proposes real solutions that can make higher education available to all.

Download Religion, Race, and Reconstruction PDF Full

Religion, Race, and Reconstruction

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Publisher : SUNY Press
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ISBN : 9780791438473
Pages : 332 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (473 Download)

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Download Free Religion, Race, and Reconstruction PDF by Ward M. McAfee Full Book and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 1998-01-01 with total page 332 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Simultaneously resurrects a lost dimension of a most important segment of American history and illuminates America's present and future by showing the role religious issues played in Reconstruction during the 1870s.

Download From Jim Crow to Civil Rights PDF Full

From Jim Crow to Civil Rights

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0195310187
Pages : 670 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (31 Download)

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Download Free From Jim Crow to Civil Rights PDF by Michael J. Klarman Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2004 with total page 670 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the social and political impact of the Supreme Court's decisions involving race relations from Plessy, the Progressive Era, and the Interwar period to World Wars I and II, Brown and the Civil Rights Movement. It explores the variety of consequences that Brown may have had, and more.

Download Rural Education (1991) PDF Full

Rural Education (1991)

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1351386360
Pages : 378 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (386 Download)

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Download Free Rural Education (1991) PDF by Deyoung Alan Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-09-29 with total page 378 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 1991, essays discuss and analyse rural schooling in its historical, social, and political contexts as well as its educational mission. Collections covering rural education in the United States are relatively rare, particularly texts that focus on available research literature in context, and many existing texts are written by educators outside of the University. This book covers historical and social factors, rural education in the field, and the future of American Schooling. The chapters comprise not only an airing of issues, concerns, and findings, but also a guide to scholarship in the areas covered. Included is a resource guide to information specific to rural education and rural special education.

Download Prairie Justice PDF Full

Prairie Justice

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Publisher : SIU Press
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ISBN : 0809333694
Pages : 275 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (333 Download)

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Download Free Prairie Justice PDF by Roger L Severns Full Book and published by SIU Press. This book was released on 2015-01-30 with total page 275 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A concise legal history of Illinois, Prairie Justice covers the French, British, early-American, and Illinois-statehood periods to 1900. It illustrates the changes over time in the different judicial systems, culminating in the establishment of a unique body of Illinois law.

Download Owen Lovejoy and the Coalition for Equality PDF Full

Owen Lovejoy and the Coalition for Equality

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Publisher : University of Illinois Press
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ISBN : 0252051149
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (51 Download)

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Download Free Owen Lovejoy and the Coalition for Equality PDF by Jane Moore Full Book and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2019-12-20 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Antislavery white clergy and their congregations. Radicalized abolitionist women. African Americans committed to ending slavery through constitutional political action. These diverse groups attributed their common vision of a nation free from slavery to strong political and religious values. Owen Lovejoy’s gregarious personality, formidable oratorical talent, probing political analysis, and profound religious convictions made him the powerful leader the coalition needed. Owen Lovejoy and the Coalition for Equality examines how these three distinct groups merged their agendas into a single antislavery, religious, political campaign for equality with Lovejoy at the helm. Combining scholarly biography, historiography, and primary source material, Jane Ann and William F. Moore demonstrate Lovejoy's crucial role in nineteenth-century politics, the rise of antislavery sentiment in religious spaces, and the emerging commitment to end slavery in Congress. Their compelling account explores how the immorality of slavery became a touchstone of political and religious action in the United States through the efforts of a synergetic coalition led by an essential abolitionist figure.

Download The American Midwest PDF Full

The American Midwest

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Publisher : Indiana University Press
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ISBN : 0253003490
Pages : 1916 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (3 Download)

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Download Free The American Midwest PDF by Andrew R. L. Cayton Full Book and published by Indiana University Press. This book was released on 2006-11-08 with total page 1916 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This first-ever encyclopedia of the Midwest seeks to embrace this large and diverse area, to give it voice, and help define its distinctive character. Organized by topic, it encourages readers to reflect upon the region as a whole. Each section moves from the general to the specific, covering broad themes in longer introductory essays, filling in the details in the shorter entries that follow. There are portraits of each of the region's twelve states, followed by entries on society and culture, community and social life, economy and technology, and public life. The book offers a wealth of information about the region's surprising ethnic diversity -- a vast array of foods, languages, styles, religions, and customs -- plus well-informed essays on the region's history, culture and values, and conflicts. A site of ideas and innovations, reforms and revivals, and social and physical extremes, the Midwest emerges as a place of great complexity, signal importance, and continual fascination.

Download Black Power on Campus PDF Full

Black Power on Campus

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Publisher : University of Illinois Press
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ISBN : 9780252028298
Pages : 228 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (295 Download)

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Download Free Black Power on Campus PDF by Joy Ann WIlliamson Full Book and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2003-06-17 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Joy Williamson charts the evolution of Black consciousness on predominately white American campuses during the critical period between the mid-sixties and mid-seventies, with the Black student movement at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) serving as an illuminating microcosm of similar movements across the country. As Williamson shows, increased university admission rates in the late 1960s did not lead to increased acceptance for Black students. In response to institutional apathy, or even hostility, Black students advocated Black unity, celebrated Black culture, and employed aggressive tactics to initiate a period of institutional reform during one of American higher education's most tempestuous eras. Williamson examines the creation of such groups as the Black Students Association at UIUC and looks at the effect the activities of such groups had on the wider student body, on academic administrators, and on university policies. Drawing on student publications of the late 1960s and early 1970s, as well as interviews with former administrators, faculty, and student activists, Williamson discusses the emergence of Black Power ideology, what constitutes "Blackness," and notions of self-advancement versus racial solidarity. Promoting an organic understanding of social protest and assessing the impact of Black student activism on an American campus, Black Power on Campus is an important contribution to the broader literature on African American liberation movements, the role of Black youth in protest movements, and the reform of American higher education.

Download Racism in Contemporary America PDF Full

Racism in Contemporary America

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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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ISBN : 9780313296598
Pages : 866 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (596 Download)

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Download Free Racism in Contemporary America PDF by Meyer Weinberg Full Book and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 1996 with total page 866 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The most comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography of America's most enduring problem.

Download Illinois History PDF Full

Illinois History

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Publisher : University of Illinois Press
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ISBN : 0252050681
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (5 Download)

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Download Free Illinois History PDF by Mark Hubbard Full Book and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2018-05-15 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A renaissance in Illinois history scholarship has sparked renewed interest in the Prairie State's storied past. Students, meanwhile, continue to pursue coursework in Illinois history to fulfill degree requirements and for their own edification. This Common Threads collection offers important articles from the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. Organized as an approachable survey of state history, the book offers chapters that cover the colonial era, early statehood, the Civil War years, the Gilded Age and Progressive eras, World War II, and postwar Illinois. The essays reflect the wide range of experiences lived by Illinoisans engaging in causes like temperance and women's struggle for a shorter workday; facing challenges that range from the rise of street gangs to Decatur's urban decline; and navigating historic issues like the 1822-24 constitutional crisis and the Alton School Case. Contributors: Roger Biles, Lilia Fernandez, Paul Finkelman, Raymond E. Hauser, Reginald Horsman, Suellen Hoy, Judson Jeffries, Lionel Kimble Jr., Thomas E. Pegram, Shirley Portwood, Robert D. Sampson, Ronald E. Shaw, and Robert M. Sutton.

Download Schooling the Freed People PDF Full

Schooling the Freed People

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Publisher : Univ of North Carolina Press
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ISBN : 9780807899342
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (348 Download)

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Download Free Schooling the Freed People PDF by Ronald E. Butchart Full Book and published by Univ of North Carolina Press. This book was released on 2010-09-27 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Conventional wisdom holds that freedmen's education was largely the work of privileged, single white northern women motivated by evangelical beliefs and abolitionism. Backed by pathbreaking research, Ronald E. Butchart's Schooling the Freed People shatters this notion. The most comprehensive quantitative study of the origins of black education in freedom ever undertaken, this definitive book on freedmen's teachers in the South is an outstanding contribution to social history and our understanding of African American education.

Download A Great Sacrifice PDF Full

A Great Sacrifice

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Publisher : Fordham University Press
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ISBN : 082328252X
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (282 Download)

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Download Free A Great Sacrifice PDF by James G. Mendez Full Book and published by Fordham University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-05 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A Great Sacrifice is an in-depth analysis of the effects of the Civil War on northern black families carried out using letters from northern black women—mothers, wives, sisters, and female family friends—addressed to a number of Union military officials. Collectively, the letters give a voice to the black family members left on the northern homefront. Through their explanations and requests, readers obtain a greater apprehension of the struggles African American families faced during the war, and their conditions as the war progressed. The original letters that were received by government agencies, as well as many of the copies of the letters sent in response, are held by the National Archives in Washington, D.C. This study is unique because it examines the effects of the war specifically on northern black families. Most other studies on African Americans during the Civil War focused almost exclusively on the soldiers.