Download Free The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: History of California vol. 1: 1542-1800 PDF by Hubert Howe Bancroft Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1963 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download Free The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft PDF by Hubert Howe Bancroft Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1884 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download Free The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft Volume 18 (History of California, Pt. 1 PDF by Hubert Howe Bancroft Full Book and published by Theclassics.Us. This book was released on 2013-09 with total page 346 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1884 edition. Excerpt: ... twenty-four settlers and fiftynine soldiers, and to obtain them Rivera was allowed to go beyond the limits of the Provincias Internas, as far as Guadalajara if necessary. Twenty-five of the new recruits were to fill the places of those taken from the presidios, so that only thirty-four soldiers were to go to California. These and the twenty-four settlers must be married men, accompanied by their families, healthy and robust, likely to lead regular lives, and to set a good example to the natives. The settlers must include a mason, a carpenter, and a blacksmith. All must bind themselves to ten years' service. Female relatives of the pobladores, if unmarried, should be encouraged to accompany the families with a view to marriage with bachelor soldiers "This, strangely enough, docs not agree exactly with the regulation, which offers 110 per year for two years and 00 for the next three, these sums including rations; neither was the pay to begin according to the reglamento, until the giant of a lot in one of the pueblos. "These were lieutenants Alonso Villaverde and Diego Gonzalez, and alfercces Mariano Carrillo, Manuel Garcia Ruiz, and Ramon Lasso de la Vega, ono alferez remaining to be appointed after consultation with Gov. Neve. Lieut. Jos5 Ziiiliga was a little later substituted for Villaverde, who never came to California; Alfcrcz Jose Dario Argiiello was also sent in place of Ruiz; and Jose Velasquez was appointed to fill the vacant place of the fourth alferez. already in California. The rendezvous for the whole company was to be at Alamos, except such as might be obtained in Guadalajara, who were to go by sea from San Bias. From Alamos the recruits and their families were to be forwarded by sea or land as might be...
Download Free Christianity and Missions, 1450–1800 PDF by J. S. Cummins Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-12-05 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The theme of this volume is the transformation of European Christianity into a world-wide religion. The spirit of crusade against Islam was one impulse driving the early expansion; these essays show how new ideologies of mission were developed and how perceptions have continued to evolve, notably in the light of Vatican II. They reveal the differing attitudes and roles of missionaries in such radically different environments as America and China, and the equally varied ways in which this activity was received, with the many problems of accomodation and sycretism. Topics covered include the development of new institutions to control missionary activity, notably the Roman Propaganda Fidei, tensions around race and the role of women, and the stimulus given, for instance to linguistic studies, by the need to communicate. Finally, they examine the belated awakening of the Protestant churches to the need to compete with Rome in the evangelization of the world.
Download Free Friar Bringas Reports to the King PDF by Daniel S. Matson Full Book and published by University of Arizona Press. This book was released on 2022-09-13 with total page 194 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When Friar Diego Bringas penned his 1796–97 report on conditions in northwestern New Spain, he was imbued with an enthusiastic drive for reform. Hoping to gain the King of Spain’s support in improving the missionary program, Bringas set down a detailed history of all that had happened in the region since Father Kino’s day. His writings offer a valuable study of Spanish attempts to bring about cultural change among the Piman Indians. Daniel S. Matson and Bernard L. Fontana have translated the Bringas document and added an informative introduction, notes, and references. They analyze Spanish methods of indoctrination and examine the implications in terms of the modern world. Friar Bringas carefully explained various missionary and secular policies, laws, and regulations. He pointed out why, in his opinion, Spanish efforts to convert the Piman Indians had failed. He also provided a report of the orders establishing the ill-fated Yuma missions. His fascinating account of the Gila River Pimas is one of the most complete ethnographic descriptions from that era. Friar Bringas Reports to the King is an important study of Spain’s attempts to assimilate the Indians. It offers a deeper understanding of the history of the Pimería Alta.
Download Free The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis PDF by Barbara L. Voss Full Book and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 2008-02-05 with total page 421 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "A clear and evocative demonstration of how historical archaeology, when done by a scholar of Voss's caliber, can contribute in a substantive and profound way to our understanding of colonialism."—Mary C. Beaudry, author of Findings: The Material Culture of Needlework and Sewing "The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis will become a model for research on identity in historical archaeology. Extremely well written and readable, it presents the results of original research in innovative ways."—Randall H. McGuire, author of A Marxist Archaeology "In her innovative archaeological study of shifting identities in Spanish California, Voss shows that the colonists of San Francisco used diverse material practices to establish a new Californio identity and legitimize their status as occupiers of a new land. This book will be of considerable interest to scholars of the Spanish borderlands and gender politics."—Robert W. Preucel, coeditor of A Companion to Social Archaeology
Download Free Latino Education in the United States PDF by V. MacDonald Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2004-11-12 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Winner of a 2005 Critics Choice Award fromThe American Educational Studies Association, this is a groundbreaking collection of oral histories, letters, interviews, and governmental reports related to the history of Latino education in the US. Victoria-María MacDonald examines the intersection of history, Latino culture, and education while simultaneously encouraging undergraduates and graduate students to reexamine their relationship to the world of education and their own histories.
Download Free Chocolate PDF by Louis E. Grivetti Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2011-09-20 with total page 1000 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) 2010Award Finalists in the Culinary History category. Chocolate. We all love it, but how much do we really knowabout it? In addition to pleasing palates since ancient times,chocolate has played an integral role in culture, society,religion, medicine, and economic development across the Americas,Africa, Asia, and Europe. In 1998, the Chocolate History Group was formed by theUniversity of California, Davis, and Mars, Incorporated to documentthe fascinating story and history of chocolate. This book featuresfifty-seven essays representing research activities andcontributions from more than 100 members of the group. Thesecontributors draw from their backgrounds in such diverse fields asanthropology, archaeology, biochemistry, culinary arts, genderstudies, engineering, history, linguistics, nutrition, andpaleography. The result is an unparalleled, scholarly examinationof chocolate, beginning with ancient pre-Columbian civilizationsand ending with twenty-first-century reports. Here is a sampling of some of the fascinating topics exploredinside the book: Ancient gods and Christian celebrations: chocolate andreligion Chocolate and the Boston smallpox epidemic of 1764 Chocolate pots: reflections of cultures, values, and times Pirates, prizes, and profits: cocoa and early American eastcoast trade Blood, conflict, and faith: chocolate in the southeast andsouthwest borderlands of North America Chocolate in France: evolution of a luxury product Development of concept maps and the chocolate researchportal Not only does this book offer careful documentation, it alsofeatures new and previously unpublished information andinterpretations of chocolate history. Moreover, it offers a wealthof unusual and interesting facts and folklore about one of theworld's favorite foods.
Download Free La Chicana PDF by Alfredo Mirandé Full Book and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 1981-03-15 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Maintains that Chicanas must be seen as colonized women who have had no control over the social institutions which shape their lives
Download Free Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Geographical Society PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1895 with total page 854 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download Free Recovering the U.S. Hispanic Literary Heritage PDF by Virginia Sánchez Korrol Full Book and published by Arte Publico Press. This book was released on 1993 with total page 465 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Presents essays dealing with literature written by Hispanic Americans from the sixteenth century through 1960, evaluates individual authors, and examines the contributions of Latino authors in a multicultural, multilingual society.
Download Free Conservation Fallout PDF by John Wills Full Book and published by University of Nevada Press. This book was released on 2012-08-15 with total page 270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: One of the most controversial atomic projects of the US nuclear industry during the 1960s and 1970s was the construction of a nuclear power plant at Diablo Canyon, a relatively unsettled and biologically rich part of the central California coast. Conservation Fallout traces the course of opposition that tore apart local communities, almost destroyed the Sierra Club, and attracted massive demonstrations in San Francisco and at the plant itself. The result is a balanced examination of nuclear politics in California and of the evolution and strategies of little-studied grassroots protest groups determined to resist the spread of nuclear technology.
Download Free A List of Books Received at the Library of the Department of State ... with References to International Treaties and Articles on Subjects Relative to the Law of Nations and Diplomacy in Magazines Received ... PDF by United States. Department of State. Bureau of Rolls and Library Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1886 with total page 258 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download Free Encarnación Castro’s Journey In The Anza Expedition 1775-1776 PDF by Linda Castro Martinez Full Book and published by Covenant Books, Inc.. This book was released on 2021-07-15 with total page 204 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Eight-year-old Encarnación Castro embarked on a life-altering journey that challenged her endurance and resolve. Her life would never be the same. Encarnación was a precocious eight-year old Mestiza (Spanish-Indian) child from Villa de Sinaloa, Nueva España. Intellectual curiosity and strength of will were her personal mantra. Encarnación’s family had been recruited as soldier-settlers in Lieutenant Colonel Juan Bautista Anza’s Expedition of 1775-1776. On the expedition, her father was a “soldado de cuera,” a leather-jacket soldier, who protected the expedition. After ten years of military service, the Spanish King promised land grants to those who served. The Anza Expedition’s goal was to settle San Francisco, Alta California and to found a mission there. Stalked and attacked by Apache warriors, tested by hostile environments, burdened by the shortage of food and water, grief-stricken over the loss of loved ones, the Castro’s 1800-mile journey defied human fortitude and expectations. There was no turning back for Encarnación and her family. The Anza caravan, made up of 240 men, women and children, traveled over eight months. What began as a promising adventure for Encarnación and her family, became an existential struggle.
Download Free Amerikanuak PDF by William A. Douglass Full Book and published by University of Nevada Press. This book was released on 2005-07-26 with total page 536 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work, by William Douglass (who helped initiate the Basque Studies Program at the University of Nevada, Reno) and Jon Bilbao (author of several Basque reference works), is the most accessible overview of the Basque diaspora in the Western Hemisphere. Amerikanuak is a pioneering study of one of the American West’s most important ethnic minorities, an engaging, comprehensive survey of Basque migration and settlement in the Americas, and an essential introduction to the history of the Basque people and their five centuries of involvement in the New World. Research for the book took the authors through ten states of the American West, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela as they traced the exploits of Basque whalers in the medieval Atlantic, the Basque conquistadors, missionaries, colonists, and sheepherders who formed a dramatic part of the history of Spanish America. They also follow the story of the Basques back to their mysterious origins in prehistory to provide background for understanding the Basques’ character and their homeland in the Pyrenean mountains and seacoasts between France and Spain. This is a revised and updated edition of the original 1975 publication. New preface by William A. Douglass.