Download Free Violence and Non-Violence across Time PDF by Sudhir Chandra Full Book and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2018-06-26 with total page 314 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book probes the complex interweaving, across time and cultures, of violence and non-violence from the perspective of the present. One of the first of its kind, it offers a comprehensive examination of the interpenetration of violence and non-violence as much in human nature as in human institutions with reference to different continents, cultures and religions over centuries. It points to the present paradox that even as violence of unprecedented lethality threatens the very survival of humankind, non-violence increasingly appears as an unlikely feasible alternative. The essays presented here cover a wide cultural–temporal spectrum — from Vedic sacrifice, early Jewish–Christian polemics, the Crusades, and medieval Japan to contemporary times. They explore aspects of the violence–non-violence dialectic in a coherent frame of analysis across themes such as war, jihad, death, salvation, religious and philosophical traditions including Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Islam, mysticism, monism, and Neoplatonism, texts such as Ramayana, Mahabharata and Quran, as well as issues faced by Dalits and ethical imperatives for clinical trials, among others. Offering thematic width and analytical depth to the treatment of the subject, the contributors bring their disciplinary expertise and cultural insights, ranging from the historical to sociological, theological, philosophical and metaphysical, as well as their sensitive erudition to deepening an understanding of a grave issue. The book will be useful to scholars and researchers of history, peace and conflict studies, political science, political thought and cultural studies, as well as those working on issues of violence and non-violence.
Author : Wendy Pearlman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-10-24
ISBN : 1139503057
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (53 Download)
Download Free Violence, Nonviolence, and the Palestinian National Movement PDF by Wendy Pearlman Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2011-10-24 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why do some national movements use violent protest and others nonviolent protest? Wendy Pearlman shows that much of the answer lies inside movements themselves. Nonviolent protest requires coordination and restraint, which only a cohesive movement can provide. When, by contrast, a movement is fragmented, factional competition generates new incentives for violence and authority structures are too weak to constrain escalation. Pearlman reveals these patterns across one hundred years in the Palestinian national movement, with comparisons to South Africa and Northern Ireland. To those who ask why there is no Palestinian Gandhi, Pearlman demonstrates that nonviolence is not simply a matter of leadership. Nor is violence attributable only to religion, emotions or stark instrumentality. Instead, a movement's organizational structure mediates the strategies that it employs. By taking readers on a journey from civil disobedience to suicide bombings, this book offers fresh insight into the dynamics of conflict and mobilization.
Download Free Narratives of Political Violence PDF by Raquel da Silva Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-08-06 with total page 170 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An exploration of how political violence is constructed, this book presents the life stories of individuals once committed to political transformation through violent means in Portugal. Challenging simplistic conceptualisations about the actors of violence, this book examines issues of temporality, gender and interpersonal dynamics in the study of political violence. It is the first comprehensive case study of political violence in Portugal, based on the perspectives of former militants. These are individuals from different political spheres who became convinced that they could not be mere spectators of the circumstances of their times. For them, the only viable way of making a difference was through violent acts. Applying the Dialogical Self Theory to trace the identity positions underpinning their narratives, this book not only sheds light on radicalisation and deradicalisation processes at the individual level, but also on the meso- and macro-level contexts that instigate engagement with and encourage disengagement from armed organisations. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of critical terrorism studies, political violence, European history and security studies more generally.
Download Free Gandhi on Non-violence PDF by Mahatma Gandhi Full Book and published by New Directions Publishing. This book was released on 1965 with total page 100 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Gandhi's writings on non-violence are reproduced and placed within historical and intellectual contexts
Author : Imraan Coovadia
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 0192609084
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (69 Download)
Download Free Revolution and Non-Violence in Tolstoy, Gandhi, and Mandela PDF by Imraan Coovadia Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-07-21 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The dangers of political violence and the possibilities of non-violence were the central themes of three lives which changed the twentieth century—Leo Tolstoy, writer and aristocrat who turned against his class, Mohandas Gandhi who corresponded with Tolstoy and considered him the most important person of the time, and Nelson Mandela, prisoner and statesman, who read War and Peace on Robben Island and who, despite having led a campaign of sabotage, saw himself as a successor to Gandhi. Tolstoy, Gandhi, and Mandela tried to create transformed societies to replace the dying forms of colony and empire. They found the inequalities of Russia, India, and South Africa intolerable yet they questioned the wisdom of seizing the power of the state, creating new kinds of political organisation and imagination to replace the old promises of revolution. Their views, along with their ways of leading others, are closely connected, from their insistence on working with their own hands and reforming their individual selves to their acceptance of death. On three continents, in a century of mass mobilization and conflict, they promoted strains of nationalism devoid of antagonism, prepared to take part in a general peace. Looking at Tolstoy, Gandhi, and Mandela in sequence, taking into account their letters and conversations as well as the institutions they created or subverted, placing at the centre their treatment of the primal fantasy of political violence, this volume reveals a vital radical tradition which stands outside the conventional categories of twentieth-century history and politics.
Download Free Freedom Without Violence PDF by Dustin Ells Howes Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-02-29 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There is a long tradition in Western political thought suggesting that violence is necessary to defend freedom. But nonviolence and civil disobedience have played an equally long and critical role in establishing democratic institutions. Freedom Without Violence explores the long history of political practice and thought that connects freedom to violence in the West, from Athenian democracy and the Roman republic to the Age of Revolutions and the rise of totalitarianism. It is the first comprehensive examination of the idea that violence is necessary to obtain, defend, and exercise freedom. The book also brings to the fore the opposing theme of nonviolent freedom, which can be found both within the Western tradition and among critics of that tradition. Since the plebs first vacated Rome to refuse military service and win concessions from the patricians in 494 B.C., nonviolence and civil disobedience have played a critical role in republics and democracies. Abolitionists, feminists and anti-colonial activists all adopted and innovated the methods of nonviolence. With the advent of the Velvet Revolutions, the end of apartheid in South Africa and, most recently, the Arab Spring, nonviolence has garnered renewed interest in both scholarly publications and the popular imagination. In this book, Dustin Ells Howes traces the intellectual history of freedom as it relates to the concepts and practices of violence and nonviolence. Through a critique and reappraisal of the Western political tradition, Freedom Without Violence constructs a conception of nonviolent freedom. The book argues that cultivating and practicing this brand of freedom is the sine qua non of a vibrant democracy that resists authoritarianism, imperialism and oligarchy.
Download Free Religion and Genocide PDF by Steven Leonard Jacobs Full Book and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-10-31 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Religion and Genocide: Changing the Conversation is a cutting-edge introduction to the complex and controversial relationship between religion and genocide. This book aims to widen the reader’s understanding of religion and those who practice it, the nexus of religion and violence, and those who legitimate their violence by framing it in religious terms by looking at notions of holy wars, religious wars, and genocide and the practitioners of such. This book delves into our current thinking of ourselves as biological entities, our relationship to genocide, and the impact of geography (including climate change) and diseases on our humanity and our ability to commit genocide. Tying together all these seemingly disparate threads, this text concludes with the significant and still largely unanswered question: "Where do we go from here?". Highlighting the complex relationship between religion and genocide, this is an essential read for students and academics studying religion and violence, Judaism, Judaic studies, and holocaust and genocide studies. Religion and Genocide will also be of interest to researchers in related subjects such as history, politics, sociology, and anthropology.
Download Free Preventing Mass Atrocities PDF by Barbara Harff Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-09-03 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What can be done to warn about and organize political action to prevent genocide and mass atrocities? The international contributors to this volume are either experts or practitioners, often both, who have contributed in substantial ways to analyzing high risk situations, recommending preventive policies and actions, and in several instances helping to organize remedial actions. Whereas current literature on the prevention of genocide is theoretically well grounded, this book explores what can be done, and has been done, in real-world situations. Recommendations and actions are rooted in a generation of experience, based on solid historical, comparative, and empirical research and with a grounding in quantitative methods. This volume examines historical cases to understand the general causes and processes of mass violence and genocide, and engages with ongoing genocidal crises including Darfur and Syria, as well as other forms of related violence such as terrorism and civil conflict. It will be key reading for all students and scholars of genocide, war and conflict studies, human security and security studies in general.
Download Free Rethinking Violence PDF by Erica Chenoweth Full Book and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2010-08-27 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An original argument about the causes and consequences of political violence and the range of strategies employed. States, nationalist movements, and ethnic groups in conflict with one another often face a choice between violent and nonviolent strategies. Although major wars between sovereign states have become rare, contemporary world politics has been rife with internal conflict, ethnic cleansing, and violence against civilians. This book asks how, why, and when states and non-state actors use violence against one another, and examines the effectiveness of various forms of political violence. In the process of addressing these issues, the essays make two conceptual moves that illustrate the need to reconsider the way violence by states and non-state actors has typically been studied and understood. The first is to think of violence not as dichotomous, as either present or absent, but to consider the wide range of nonviolent and violent options available and ask why actors come to embrace particular strategies. The second is to explore the dynamic nature of violent conflicts, developing explanations that can account for the eruption of violence at particular moments in time. The arguments focus on how changes in the balance of power between and among states and non-state actors generate uncertainty and threat, thereby creating an environment conducive to violence. This innovative way of understanding violence deemphasizes the role of ethnic cleavages and nationalism in modern conflict. Contributors Kristin M. Bakke, Emily Beaulieu, H. Zeynep Bulutgil, Erica Chenoweth, Kathryn McNabb Cochran, Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham, Alexander B. Downes, Erin K. Jenne, Adria Lawrence, Harris Mylonas, Wendy Pearlman, Maria J. Stephan
Author : Seungho Moon
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2021-12-30
ISBN : 1000520390
Pages : 280 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (52 Download)
Download Free The Flows of Transnationalism: Questioning Identities and Reimagining Curriculum PDF by Seungho Moon Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-12-30 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This reflexive, transcultural dialogue scholarship integrates autobiography alongside an in-depth, critical analysis of Eastern and Western philosophy. Moon revisits his cultural heritage providing rich narratives that debunk a universalized, Eurocentric approach to truth in the contemporary curriculum and social discourse. As an exploration of multiple versions of knowing and identities, The Flows of Transnationalism allows readers to extend and invent their own approaches to examining the fluidity of identities. Moon promotes diverse perspectives within curriculum studies by disrupting the self-other and cultural sameness-difference dichotomy. Amid the urgent need of developing anti-racist pedagogy, this book provides an innovative way to studying identities in a transnational context. This thought-provoking book on transculturalism, cultural identities, and curriculum is intended to benefit educators, university faculty, and interested members of the public. It is written for those who have the desire to learn and apply diverse approaches for engaging with cultural identities through lived experience and its sociopolitical interpretation.
Download Free Family Violence and Criminal Justice PDF by Brian J. Payne Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2010-04-07 with total page 546 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The historical context of family violence is explored, as well as the various forms of violence, their prevalence in specific stages of life, and responses to it made by the criminal justice system and other agencies. The linkage among child abuse, partner violence and elder abuse is scrutinized, and the usefulness of the life-course approach is couched in terms of its potential effect on policy implications; research methods that recognize the importance of life stages, trajectories, and transitions; and crime causation theories that can be enhanced by it. Tables, figures, charts, discussion questions and helpful boxes with supplemental information titled "Tool Box," "From the Field," and "Research Shows" enhance the text.
Download Free Non-State Challenges in a Re-Ordered World PDF by Stefano Ruzza Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-10-14 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There is a sprawling scholarship on violence, crime, and corrupt state rule; yet few have interpreted these challenges as transformative at the global scale and as a potential source of alternative, non-state, legitimacy. This volume challenges "Westphalian conservativism" in a provocative yet plausible manner, shedding light at the ubiquity and diversity of unfolding non-state agendas and at their effect on the imagined state community. Focusing on civil war parties, warlords, commercial providers of security, multinational companies and criminal organizations, the book directs attention to theoretical questions and policy challenges arising from non-state armed expansion. To accomplish this, the contributors present a range of case studies and comparisons within three thematic sections: the first takes stock of how, when, and in what measure state and state-system legitimacy are challenged by non-state violent or criminal activity; the second addresses the nature, effectiveness, and side-effects of different state-mandated reaction to non-state activities; and third focuses on the recombination of state and non-state actors contributing to processes of socio-political transformation. This volume provides a current analysis of different armed and violent actors encroaching on the state's monopoly of violence. It seeks to spark debate about global political change and will be of interest to students and scholars of global governance, global security, and international relations.
Download Free Lethal Violence in Chicago Over Seventeen Years PDF by Carolyn R. Block Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1985 with total page 114 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download Free Children and Peace PDF by Nikola Balvin Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2019-10-20 with total page 381 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This open access book brings together discourse on children and peace from the 15th International Symposium on the Contributions of Psychology to Peace, covering issues pertinent to children and peace and approaches to making their world safer, fairer and more sustainable. The book is divided into nine sections that examine traditional themes (social construction and deconstruction of diversity, intergenerational transitions and memories of war, and multiculturalism), as well as contemporary issues such as Europe’s “migration crisis”, radicalization and violent extremism, and violence in families, schools and communities. Chapters contextualize each issue within specific social ecological frameworks in order to reflect on the multiplicity of influences that affect different outcomes and to discuss how the findings can be applied in different contexts. The volume also provides solutions and hope through its focus on youth empowerment and peacebuilding programs for children and families. This forward-thinking volume offers a multitude of views, approaches, and strategies for research and activism drawn from peace psychology scholars and United Nations researchers and practitioners. This book's multi-layered emphasis on context, structural determinants of peace and conflict, and use of research for action towards social cohesion for children and youth has not been brought together in other peace psychology literature to the same extent. Children and Peace: From Research to Action will be a useful resource for peace psychology academics and students, as well as social and developmental psychology academics and students, peace and development practitioners and activists, policy makers who need to make decisions about the matters covered in the book, child rights advocates and members of multilateral organizations such as the UN.
Author : Shane Chalmers
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 1000385760
Pages : 506 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (385 Download)
Download Free Routledge Handbook of International Law and the Humanities PDF by Shane Chalmers Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-05-20 with total page 506 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This Handbook brings together 40 of the world’s leading scholars and rising stars who study international law from disciplines in the humanities – from history to literature, philosophy to the visual arts – to showcase the distinctive contributions that this field has made to the study of international law over the past two decades. Including authors from Australia, Canada, Europe, India, South Africa, the UK and the USA, all the contributors engage the question of what is distinctive, and critical, about the work that has been done and that continues to be done in the field of ‘international law and the humanities’. For many of these authors, answering this question involves reflecting on the work they themselves have been contributing to this path-breaking field since its inception at the end of the twentieth century. For others, it involves offering models of the new work they are carrying out, or else reflecting on the future directions of a field that has now taken its place as one of the most important sites for the study of international legal practice and theory. Each of the book’s six parts foregrounds a different element, or cluster of elements, of international law and the humanities, from an attention to the office, conduct and training of the jurist and jurisprudent (Part 1); to scholarly craft and technique (Part 2); to questions of authority and responsibility (Part 3); history and historiography (Part 4); plurality and community (Part 5); as well as the challenge of thinking, and rethinking, international legal concepts for our times (Part 6). Outlining new ways of imagining, and doing, international law at a moment in time when original, critical thought and practice is more necessary than ever, this Handbook will be essential for scholars, students and practitioners in international law, international relations, as well as in law and the humanities more generally.
Author : Ed Vergara
Publisher : iUniverse
Release Date : 2009-12-11
ISBN : 1440137080
Pages : 104 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (137 Download)
Download Free Paladín, the Magic Lamp, & the Secrets of the Universe PDF by Ed Vergara Full Book and published by iUniverse. This book was released on 2009-12-11 with total page 104 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is your purpose in life? How do you find your identity? In Paladin, The Magic Lamp & the secrets of the Universe, author Ed Vergara helps illuminate your life's path the way a torch would light the route in the darkness of the night. Through the telling of the parable of Paladin, Vergara helps us understand the principles of the invisible realm in the Universe. Paladin refuses to be confined by the false concepts of religion, politics, philosophies, civilizations, and the limits imposed by man throughout the ages. With the assistance of a genie, Paladin interviews key figures who played a significant role in historyfrom the math whiz and astronomer Thales of Miletus, to Solomon the King of Israel, to Albert Einstein and Gandhito help him to learn to know himself. You can travel with Paladn to observe and examine the future according to the prophetic experience of Daniel. Paladin, The Magic Lamp & the secrets of the Universe reveals the truth to those who want to know it. This parable's purpose is to inspire you to follow your heart, which desperately searches for eternal life. It seeks to ignite the energy inside of you, to discover the seeds of truth and wisdom that have existed throughout eternity. This enchanting journey through the universe and time will take you to the next dimension. Through this experience, you will find the best of yourself, your identity. ED VERGARA has always been committed to Science, Art, History, Spiritual Principles and Discovery. His professional education has developed him into an expert in the fields of urban planning, architecture & construction development. Vergara lives in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Download Free Rethinking American Grand Strategy PDF by Elizabeth Borgwardt Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021-03-01 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A wide-ranging rethinking of the many factors that comprise the making of American Grand Strategy. What is grand strategy? What does it aim to achieve? And what differentiates it from normal strategic thought--what, in other words, makes it "grand"? In answering these questions, most scholars have focused on diplomacy and warfare, so much so that "grand strategy" has become almost an equivalent of "military history." The traditional attention paid to military affairs is understandable, but in today's world it leaves out much else that could be considered political, and therefore strategic. It is in fact possible to consider, and even reach, a more capacious understanding of grand strategy, one that still includes the battlefield and the negotiating table while expanding beyond them. Just as contemporary world politics is driven by a wide range of non-military issues, the most thorough considerations of grand strategy must consider the bases of peace and security--including gender, race, the environment, and a wide range of cultural, social, political, and economic issues. Rethinking American Grand Strategy assembles a roster of leading historians to examine America's place in the world. Its innovative chapters re-examine familiar figures, such as John Quincy Adams, George Kennan, and Henry Kissinger, while also revealing the forgotten episodes and hidden voices of American grand strategy. They expand the scope of diplomatic and military history by placing the grand strategies of public health, race, gender, humanitarianism, and the law alongside military and diplomatic affairs to reveal hidden strategists as well as strategies.