Download Free Visual Thinking in Mathematics PDF by Marcus Giaquinto Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2007-07-05 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Drawing from philosophical work on the nature of concepts and from empirical studies of visual perception, mental imagery, and numerical cognition, Giaquinto explores a major source of our grasp of mathematics, using examples from basic geometry, arithmetic, algebra, and real analysis.
Download Free Visual Thinking in Mathematics PDF by Marcus Giaquinto Full Book and published by Clarendon Press. This book was released on 2007-07-05 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Visual thinking - visual imagination or perception of diagrams and symbol arrays, and mental operations on them - is omnipresent in mathematics. Is this visual thinking merely a psychological aid, facilitating grasp of what is gathered by other means? Or does it also have epistemological functions, as a means of discovery, understanding, and even proof? By examining the many kinds of visual representation in mathematics and the diverse ways in which they are used, Marcus Giaquinto argues that visual thinking in mathematics is rarely just a superfluous aid; it usually has epistemological value, often as a means of discovery. Drawing from philosophical work on the nature of concepts and from empirical studies of visual perception, mental imagery, and numerical cognition, Giaquinto explores a major source of our grasp of mathematics, using examples from basic geometry, arithmetic, algebra, and real analysis. He shows how we can discern abstract general truths by means of specific images, how synthetic a priori knowledge is possible, and how visual means can help us grasp abstract structures. Visual Thinking in Mathematics reopens the investigation of earlier thinkers from Plato to Kant into the nature and epistemology of an individual's basic mathematical beliefs and abilities, in the new light shed by the maturing cognitive sciences. Clear and concise throughout, it will appeal to scholars and students of philosophy, mathematics, and psychology, as well as anyone with an interest in mathematical thinking.
Download Free Proofs Without Words III PDF by Roger B. Nelsen Full Book and published by American Mathematical Soc.. This book was released on 2015-12-31 with total page 187 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Proofs without words (PWWs) are figures or diagrams that help the reader see why a particular mathematical statement is true, and how one might begin to formally prove it true. PWWs are not new, many date back to classical Greece, ancient China, and medieval Europe and the Middle East. PWWs have been regular features of the MAA journals Mathematics Magazine and The College Mathematics Journal for many years, and the MAA published the collections of PWWs Proofs Without Words: Exercises in Visual Thinking in 1993 and Proofs Without Words II: More Exercises in Visual Thinking in 2000. This book is the third such collection of PWWs.
Download Free The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice PDF by Paolo Mancosu Full Book and published by Oxford University Press on Demand. This book was released on 2008-06-19 with total page 460 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There is an urgent need in philosophy of mathematics for new approaches which pay closer attention to mathematical practice. This book will blaze the trail: it offers philosophical analyses of important characteristics of contemporary mathematics and of many aspects of mathematical activity which escape purely formal logical treatment.
Download Free Using Visual Thinking Strategies to Improve Mathematics Instruction PDF by Teri Yvonne Campos Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2018 with total page 174 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The purpose of the study was to explore the use of Visual Thinking Strategies as it applied to mathematics instruction for teachers in a small, urban elementary school containing grades 1-6 in a large Midwestern metropolis. This study was implemented to address the problem of low math scores in urban schools that have students with low socioeconomic status compounded by the way math concepts are generally taught. This study was qualitative and followed the heuristic tradition of research. The unit of analysis was the experiences of teachers with VTS, as we explored their implementation of the visual thinking strategies in the classroom gathered from open-ended surveys, observations, informal reflective conversations, in-depth interviews, and reflective journals analyzed during the illumination step of the heuristic process in a focus group discussion. The central question that guided the study was, how can Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) improve mathematics instruction? There were three contributing parts explored, teacher “moves,” restatements of evidence regarding explicit teaching of mathematical concepts, and academic vocabulary. Five teachers in the building became co-researchers from different grade levels, backgrounds, ages, and years of teaching experience, and who were similar in growth mindsets and established discourse procedures in their classroom. Initial engagement started the study with surveying knowledge and interest of the teachers in VTS specifically, and math in general. Then a schedule was devised to conduct observations, including introducing the VTS protocol expectations and methods to display the art and math images. Immersion in facilitating lessons in six classrooms first with art images and then math was reflected in conversations, journals, interviews, and living the phenomena of VTS for three months. Incubation for each participant brought personal clarity and codebooks for me. Guided by the research questions and theoretical framework of the study, the final themes I gleaned from the process include Cognitive Operations, Teacher Moves, Discourse with Vocabulary, and Visual Learning. The interpretive codes of cognition, facilitation, talking, and learning visually came from descriptive coding of the data. Illumination occurred in the focus group discussion when the participants answered the research questions. The explication step revealed that VTS can be used to improve math instruction with collaboration to create images, such as, graphs. Students were taught the visual thinking strategies using pictures and photographs to enable them to think creatively and critically. Those same strategies helped students make sense of bar, line, circle, and picture graphs. They were able to build deeper understanding as a community from diverse individual input when teachers got students engaged and confident. Facilitators restated evidence while bumping up vocabulary from student language to make the math concepts more clear.
Download Free Toward a Visually-Oriented School Mathematics Curriculum PDF by Ferdinand Rivera Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2011-01-06 with total page 316 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What does it mean to have a visual representation of a mathematical object, concept, or process? What visualization strategies support growth in mathematical thinking, reasoning, generalization, and knowledge? Is mathematical seeing culture-free? How can information drawn from studies in blind subjects help us understand the significance of a multimodal approach to learning mathematics? Toward a Visually-Oriented School Mathematics Curriculum explores a unified theory of visualization in school mathematical learning via the notion of progressive modeling. Based on the author’s longitudinal research investigations in elementary and middle school classrooms, the book provides a compelling empirical account of ways in which instruction can effectively orchestrate the transition from personally-constructed visuals, both externally-drawn and internally-derived, into more structured visual representations within the context of a socioculturally grounded mathematical activity. Both for teachers and researchers, a discussion of this topic is relevant in the history of the present. The ubiquity of technological tools and virtual spaces for learning and doing mathematics has aroused interest among concerned stakeholders about the role of mathematics in these contexts. The book begins with a prolegomenon on the author’s reflections on past and present visual studies in mathematics education. In the remaining seven chapters, visualization is pursued in terms of its role in bringing about progressions in mathematical symbolization, abduction, pattern generalization, and diagrammatization. Toward a Visually-Oriented School Mathematics Curriculum views issues surrounding visualization through the eyes of a classroom teacher-researcher; it draws on findings within and outside of mathematics education that help practitioners and scholars gain a better understanding of what it means to pleasurably experience the symmetric visual/symbolic reversal phenomenon – that is, seeing the visual in the symbolic and the symbolic in the visual."
Download Free Special Issues in Early Childhood Mathematics Education Research PDF by Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2022-02-14 with total page 323 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, 23 contributors offer new insights on key issues in mathematics education in early childhood.
Download Free Proofs Without Words II PDF by Roger B. Nelsen Full Book and published by American Mathematical Soc.. This book was released on 2020-02-22 with total page 130 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Like its predecessor, Proofs without Words, this book is a collection of pictures or diagrams that help the reader see why a particular mathematical statement may be true and how one could begin to go about proving it. While in some proofs without words an equation or two may appear to help guide that process, the emphasis is clearly on providing visual clues to stimulate mathematical thought. The proofs in this collection are arranged by topic into five chapters: geometry and algebra; trigonometry, calculus and analytic geometry; inequalities; integer sums; and sequences and series. Teachers will find that many of the proofs in this collection are well suited for classroom discussion and for helping students to think visually in mathematics.
Download Free Math Made Visual PDF by Roger Nelsen Full Book and published by MAA. This book was released on 2006-07-06 with total page 202 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The object of this book is to show how visualization techniques may be employed to produce pictures that have interest for the creation, communication and teaching of mathematics. Mathematical drawings related to proofs have been produced since antiquity in China, Arabia, Greece and India but only in the last thirty years has there been a growing interest in so-called 'proofs without words.' In this book the authors show that behind most of the pictures 'proving' mathematical relations are some well-understood methods. The first part of the book consists of twenty short chapters, each one describing a method to visualize some mathematical idea (a proof, a concept, an operation,...) and several applications to concrete cases. Following this the book examines general pedagogical considerations concerning the development of visual thinking, practical approaches for making visualizations in the classroom and a discussion of the role that hands-on material plays in this process.
Download Free Shape Understanding System PDF by Zbigniew Les Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-01-11 with total page 410 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents the results of research into one of the most complex and difficult areas - research into thinking and understanding. The research was carried out at the newly founded Queen Jadwiga Research Institute of Understanding and is focused on the problem of visual understanding and visual thinking. The authors believe this is the first book to attempt to investigate the complexity of visual thinking problems in the context of building the thinking machine.
Download Free Thinking Visually PDF by Stephen K. Reed Full Book and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2013-08-21 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Language is a marvelous tool for communication, but it is greatly overrated as a tool for thought. This volume documents the many ways pictures, visual images, and spatial metaphors influence our thinking. It discusses both classic and recent research that support the view that visual thinking occurs not only where we expect to find it, but also where we do not. Much of comprehending language, for instance, depends on visual simulations of words or on spatial metaphors that provide a foundation for conceptual understanding. Thinking Visually supports comprehension by reducing jargon and by providing many illustrations, educational applications, and problems for readers to solve. It provides a broad overview of topics that range from the visual images formed by babies to acting classes designed for the elderly, from visual diagrams created by children to visual diagrams created by psychologists, from producing and manipulating images to viewing animations. The final chapters discuss examples of instructional software and argue that the lack of such software in classrooms undermines the opportunity to develop visual thinking. The book includes the Animation TutorTM downloadable resources to illustrate the application of research on visual thinking to improve mathematical reasoning.
Download Free Empty And The Full, The: Li Ye And The Way Of Mathematics - Geometrical Procedures By Section Of Areas PDF by Pollet Charlotte-v Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2020-03-20 with total page 276 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During Song (960 to 1279) and Yuan (1279 to 1368) dynasties, China experienced a peak in high-level algebraic investigation through the works of famous mathematicians such as Qin Jiushao, Zhu Shijie, Yang Hui and Li Ye. Among these is Li Ye's short treatise on a curious ancient geometrical procedure: The Development of Pieces of Areas According to the Collection Augmenting the Ancient Knowledge (Yigu yanduan). The aim of this monography is to contradict traditional scholarship which has long discredited the importance of Li Ye's treatise, considering it a mere popular handbook. The author aims to show that Li Ye's work actually epitomizes a completely new aspect of ancient Chinese mathematics: a crossroad between algebra, geometry, and combinatorics containing elements reminiscent of the Book of Changes (Yi Jing). As well as Li Ye used field measurement as pretext for investigations on quadratic equations and Changes, the present study uses Li Ye's small treatise as pretext for philosophical investigations on link between mathematics and their history. The real topic of the study is the exploration of another expression of proof and generality in Chinese mathematics. This book not only completes the edition of Li Ye's works and presents new features of Chinese mathematics, but also fills a gap in the translation of Chinese mathematics treatises.It is the first book entirely dedicated to the diagrammatic practice of algebra in the history of Chinese mathematics. This practice is more important than expected. While being a monograph, the book is short and detailed enough to be used by students in class. It can also be used as an entry door to the research field of history of Chinese mathematics.
Download Free Proofs Without Words: Exercises in Visual Thinking PDF by Roger B. Nelsen Full Book and published by American Mathematical Soc.. This book was released on 2020-02-18 with total page 152 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Proofs without words are generally pictures or diagrams that help the reader see why a particular mathematical statement may be true, and how one could begin to go about proving it. While in some proofs without words an equation or two may appear to help guide that process, the emphasis is clearly on providing visual clues to stimulate mathematical thought. The proofs in this collection are arranged by topic into five chapters: Geometry and algebra; Trigonometry, calculus and analytic geometry; Inequalities; Integer sums; and Sequences and series. Teachers will find that many of the proofs in this collection are well suited for classroom discussion and for helping students to think visually in mathematics.
Download Free Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices PDF by José Ferreirós Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2015-12-22 with total page 357 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents a new approach to the epistemology of mathematics by viewing mathematics as a human activity whose knowledge is intimately linked with practice. Charting an exciting new direction in the philosophy of mathematics, José Ferreirós uses the crucial idea of a continuum to provide an account of the development of mathematical knowledge that reflects the actual experience of doing math and makes sense of the perceived objectivity of mathematical results. Describing a historically oriented, agent-based philosophy of mathematics, Ferreirós shows how the mathematical tradition evolved from Euclidean geometry to the real numbers and set-theoretic structures. He argues for the need to take into account a whole web of mathematical and other practices that are learned and linked by agents, and whose interplay acts as a constraint. Ferreirós demonstrates how advanced mathematics, far from being a priori, is based on hypotheses, in contrast to elementary math, which has strong cognitive and practical roots and therefore enjoys certainty. Offering a wealth of philosophical and historical insights, Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices challenges us to rethink some of our most basic assumptions about mathematics, its objectivity, and its relationship to culture and science.
Download Free Philosophy of Mathematics: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide PDF by Oxford University Press Full Book and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2010-06-01 with total page 26 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.