Download Free Ways to Think About Mathematics PDF by Steve Benson Full Book and published by Corwin Press. This book was released on 2004-10-05 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Funded by the National Science Foundation and successfully field-tested in a variety of settings, the materials presented give teachers the opportunity to grow as learners for the classes they teach.
Download Free Facilitator's Guide to Ways to Think about Mathematics PDF by Steven Benson Full Book and published by Corwin Press. This book was released on 2005 with total page 144 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Facilitating mathematical investigations with teachers will help improve their teaching! Because a student's learning depends so heavily on teacher quality, districts and state departments of education, colleges, and universities are called upon to strengthen their teacher preparation and professional development programs. Yet college mathematics courses are often criticized for being disconnected from the mathematics that teachers are asked to teach. The Facilitator's Guide to Ways to Think About Mathematics is designed to close this gap. National and state standards and frameworks suggest that mathematical investigation, problem solving, and exploratory learning should play a central role in mathematics lessons. It is therefore necessary for teachers to experience mathematical explorations as learners themselves, which places new demands on professional development facilitators and preservice educators. This guide provides resources for facilitators to use while they are planning and implementing courses and workshops using Ways to Think About Mathematics. This guide and the accompanying CD-ROM contain: Commentary on the activities Pedagogical suggestions (materials sequencing, promoting active participation, adapting to the needs of particular teachers) Various solution strategies Additional reading and problems tied to the content of the main text Sample solutions for all problems and discussion questions Ways to Think About Mathematics and the Facilitator's Guide will provide staff developers, preservice educators, and math department chairs with all the necessary tools to provide high-quality staff development in secondary mathematics. The materials were funded by the National Science Foundation and successfully field-tested in a wide variety of professional development and preservice settings. CD-ROM is PC and Mac compatible and not sold separately.
Download Free How to Think Like a Mathematician PDF by Kevin Houston Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2009-02-12 with total page 279 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This arsenal of tips and techniques eases new students into undergraduate mathematics, unlocking the world of definitions, theorems, and proofs.
Download Free How to Think Like a Mathematician : How to be Genius in Mathematics/Mathematics Quiz Book/Enrich Your Maths Skill PDF by Rajesh Kumar Thakur Full Book and published by Prabhat Prakashan. This book was released on 2022-09-16 with total page 366 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This Combo Collection (Set of 3 Books) includes All-time Bestseller Books. This anthology contains: How to be Genius in Mathematics Mathematics Quiz Book Enrich Your Maths Skill
Download Free Beyond Constructivism PDF by Richard A. Lesh Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2003-05 with total page 610 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book has two primary goals. On the level of theory development, the book clarifies the nature of an emerging "models and modeling perspective" about teaching, learning, and problem solving in mathematics and science education. On the level of emphasizing practical problems, it clarifies the nature of some of the most important elementary-but-powerful mathematical or scientific understandings and abilities that Americans are likely to need as foundations for success in the present and future technology-based information age. Beyond Constructivism: Models and Modeling Perspectives on Mathematics Problem Solving, Learning, and Teaching features an innovative Web site housing online appendices for each chapter, designed to supplement the print chapters with digital resources that include example problems, relevant research tools and video clips, as well as transcripts and other samples of students' work: http://tcct.soe.purdue.edu/booksULandULjournals/modelsULandUL modeling/ This is an essential volume for graduate-level courses in mathematics and science education, cognition and learning, and critical and creative thinking, as well as a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in these areas.
Download Free Reflective Primary Mathematics PDF by Elizabeth Jackson Full Book and published by SAGE. This book was released on 2015-08-20 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: ‘This original book shows the crucial importance of personal philosophies of mathematics. Using current research it guides us to reflect on our attitudes and beliefs. Essential reading for anybody interested in mathematics and its teaching.’ Paul Ernest, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics Education, University of Exeter Teaching mathematics can be challenging, and returning to a mathematics classroom yourself may not inspire you with confidence. This book can help you to become an assured teacher who can give young learners the high quality mathematics education that they deserve, by exploring the philosophy that lies behind good mathematics teaching and its application in the classroom. Throughout the book you are encouraged to put your own thoughts on mathematics learning and teaching under the microscope and examine your perceptions and understanding in order to develop as a critically reflective teacher, aware of potential challenges and what underpins effective mathematics teaching in primary schools. Coverage includes: · developing your own philosophy towards mathematics teaching · understanding links between confidence and learning · the importance of subject knowledge · common beliefs and attitudes among mathematics learners · how to develop your relationship with the subject. This is essential reading for all students studying primary mathematics on initial teacher education courses, including undergraduate (BEd, BA with QTS), postgraduate (PGCE, School Direct, SCITT, Teach First) and NQTs. Elizabeth Jackson has over thirty years’ experience of mathematics education through primary and secondary school teaching, lecturing in initial teacher education and supervising mathematics Master’s dissertations, as well as conducting research into mathematics and writing.
Download Free How Humans Learn to Think Mathematically PDF by David Tall Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2013-09-02 with total page 483 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How Humans Learn to Think Mathematically describes the development of mathematical thinking from the young child to the sophisticated adult. Professor David Tall reveals the reasons why mathematical concepts that make sense in one context may become problematic in another. For example, a child's experience of whole number arithmetic successively affects subsequent understanding of fractions, negative numbers, algebra, and the introduction of definitions and proof. Tall's explanations for these developments are accessible to a general audience while encouraging specialists to relate their areas of expertise to the full range of mathematical thinking. The book offers a comprehensive framework for understanding mathematical growth, from practical beginnings through theoretical developments, to the continuing evolution of mathematical thinking at the highest level.
Download Free Children's Mathematics PDF by Elizabeth Carruthers Full Book and published by SAGE. This book was released on 2006-08-07 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Visit the author's own website here! Children's Mathematics Network 'In Case Study 5 (a grassroots 'Children's Mathematics Network group') the initiative supported the participants in their professional change by giving them a space for the detailed and joint consideration of children's mathematical thinking. Another significant feature of this initiative is its focus on careful consideration and analysis of children's mathematics, and the ways in which professionals can support and encourage the children's mathematical thinking and reasoning... The standard of the mathematical understanding, thinking and reasoning that the displays revealed was far higher than the specified curriculum objectives for children of this age...' - Researching Effective CPD in Mathematics Education (RECME) project: (NCETM, 2009) 'The review also plays great score by play-based learning of a mathematical nature, and makes specific recommendations regarding early mark-making as a precursor to abstract mathematical symbolism'. Section 115 features children's mathematical graphics and emphasises: 'The role of mark-making in children's cognitive development is set out in the taxonomy (Carruthers and Worthington, 2006)'. The report recommends that 'local authorities, leaders, managers and head teachers should provide a culture with a significant focus on mathematical mark-making' and 'a learning environment that encourages children to choose to use their own mathematical graphics to support their mathematical thinking and processes' - The Williams Maths Review: (DCSF, 2008) `At the very heart of the success of the book is the authors' ability to see mathematics through young children's eyes by listening to and reflecting on the constant efforts made by children to make sense of their world. This is a liberating book which proposes that the teaching of mathematics could and should be a highly creative and enjoyable proceess' - Branwen Llewelyn Jones, Early Years Consultant at PACE Ltd / TACTYC 'Ground breaking... To single out any one chapter would be unfair because there is something thought-provoking and inspirational throughout. If you want to expand your understanding upwards and outwards then get a copy soon' - Times Educational Supplement 'I first read Children's Mathematics, Making Marks, Making Meaning a couple of years ago and it had an immediate impact on my own thinking and teaching, and the work I do with trainee teachers. I'm sure you will find it compelling reading too. I think it has the potential to change, in a fundamental way, how we think about early mathematical development' - Lynne McClure, Editor, Math Co-ordiator's File, Mathematics Association 'In their exceptionally readable and informative book, Children's Mathematics, Making Marks, Making Meaning Carruthers and Worthington (2006) draw attention to one of the main goals of early years teaching, that is, to help children make links between the mathematics they have already encountered (and continue to engage with) at home and the more abstract mathematics of the school. These authors suggest that by encouraging children to represent mathematical ideas in their own ways and, crucially, by talking to the pupils about the marks they have made, we are given a "window" onto their thinking that may otherwise be inaccessible' - Liz Pumphrey, NRICH This book draws on the authors' many years of teaching children aged three to eight years and also on their extensive research with children in the home, nursery and school. The authors explain the development and range of young children's mathematical marks and visual representations, showing how children make mental connections between their own early marks and subsequent abstract mathematical symbolism, and go on to develop their own written methods. Combining theory and practice, this acclaimed book demonstrates how children's own mathematical graphics are highly creative and show deep levels of thinking. The authors show how this is the key to success in school mathematics and to higher levels of achievement. The authors are winners of TACTYC's (2003) Jenefer Joseph Award for the Creative Arts (3 - 8) - awarded for their innovative work with children on mathematical graphics.
Download Free How the Brain Learns Mathematics PDF by David A. Sousa Full Book and published by Corwin Press. This book was released on 2007-09-17 with total page 265 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Learn how the brain processes mathematical concepts and why some students develop math anxiety! David A. Sousa discusses the cognitive mechanisms for learning mathematics and the environmental and developmental factors that contribute to mathematics difficulties. This award-winning text examines: Children’s innate number sense and how the brain develops an understanding of number relationships Rationales for modifying lessons to meet the developmental learning stages of young children, preadolescents, and adolescents How to plan lessons in PreK–12 mathematics Implications of current research for planning mathematics lessons, including discoveries about memory systems and lesson timing Methods to help elementary and secondary school teachers detect mathematics difficulties Clear connections to the NCTM standards and curriculum focal points
Download Free How Mathematicians Think PDF by William Byers Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2010-05-02 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: To many outsiders, mathematicians appear to think like computers, grimly grinding away with a strict formal logic and moving methodically--even algorithmically--from one black-and-white deduction to another. Yet mathematicians often describe their most important breakthroughs as creative, intuitive responses to ambiguity, contradiction, and paradox. A unique examination of this less-familiar aspect of mathematics, How Mathematicians Think reveals that mathematics is a profoundly creative activity and not just a body of formalized rules and results. Nonlogical qualities, William Byers shows, play an essential role in mathematics. Ambiguities, contradictions, and paradoxes can arise when ideas developed in different contexts come into contact. Uncertainties and conflicts do not impede but rather spur the development of mathematics. Creativity often means bringing apparently incompatible perspectives together as complementary aspects of a new, more subtle theory. The secret of mathematics is not to be found only in its logical structure. The creative dimensions of mathematical work have great implications for our notions of mathematical and scientific truth, and How Mathematicians Think provides a novel approach to many fundamental questions. Is mathematics objectively true? Is it discovered or invented? And is there such a thing as a "final" scientific theory? Ultimately, How Mathematicians Think shows that the nature of mathematical thinking can teach us a great deal about the human condition itself.
Download Free Educational Inequalities PDF by Kalwant Bhopal Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-11-07 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: While there is considerable literature on social inequality and education, there is little recent work which explores notions of difference and diversity in relation to "race," class and gender. This edited text aims to bring together researchers in the field of education located across many international contexts such as the UK, Australia, USA, New Zealand and Europe. Contributors investigate the ways in which dominant perspectives on "difference," intersectionality and institutional structures underpin and reinforce educational inequality in schools and higher education. They emphasize the importance of international perspectives and innovative methodological approaches to examining these areas, and seek to locate the dimensions of difference within recent theoretical discourses, with an emphasis on "race," class and gender as key categories of analysis.
Download Free Deep Thinking PDF by William Byers Full Book and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2014-09-22 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There is more than one way to think. Most people are familiar with the systematic, rule-based thinking that one finds in a mathematical proof or a computer program. But such thinking does not produce breakthroughs in mathematics and science nor is it the kind of thinking that results in significant learning. Deep thinking is a different and more basic way of using the mind. It results in the discontinuous “aha!” experience, which is the essence of creativity. It is at the heart of every paradigm shift or reframing of a problematic situation. The identification of deep thinking as the default state of the mind has the potential to reframe our current approach to technological change, education, and the nature of mathematics and science. For example, there is an unbridgeable gap between deep thinking and computer simulations of thinking. Many people suspect that such a gap exists, but find it difficult to make this intuition precise. This book identifies the way in which the authentic intelligence of deep thinking differs from the artificial intelligence of “big data” and “analytics”. Deep thinking is the essential ingredient in every significant learning experience, which leads to a new way to think about education. It is also essential to the construction of conceptual systems that are at the heart of mathematics and science, and of the technologies that shape the modern world. Deep thinking can be found whenever one conceptual system morphs into another. The sources of this study include the cognitive development of numbers in children, neuropsychology, the study of creativity, and the historical development of mathematics and science. The approach is unusual and original. It comes out of the author's lengthy experience as a mathematician, teacher, and writer of books about mathematics and science, such as How Mathematicians Think: Using Ambiguity, Contradiction, and Paradox to Create Mathematics and The Blind Spot: Science and the Crisis of Uncertainty. Contents:What is Deep Thinking?Conceptual SystemsDeep Thinking in Mathematics and ScienceDeep Thinking in the Mind and the BrainDeep Thinking and CreativityDeep LearningGood TeachingUndergraduate MathematicsWhat the Mind Can Teach Us About MathematicsWhat Mathematics Can Teach Us About the MindReferences Readership: Students, graduate students and researchers with an interest in mathematics, mathematicians, scientists, philosophers, psychologists, and readers who use mathematics in their work. Key Features:In this book, the author, a mathematician, demonstrates the specific difference between creative mathematical thought and the analytic thought of logic and the artificial intelligence of computersThis book shows why learning is a creative activity and demonstrates how teaching and learning must undergo radical changes in this age of rapid technological changeMathematics is a model for how people think and it reveals the essence of intelligenceThe author, a mathematician, demonstrates that creativity is a basic feature of the world. The same phenomenon of creative intelligence underlies the theory of evolution, child development, learning, and scientific and mathematical research. Creativity is so natural that even babies are capable of it but so difficult that adults have great trouble with it. This book explains the reasons behind this apparent paradoxKeywords:Mathematics;Cognitive Development;Thinking;Education;Mathematics Education;Conceptual Systems
Download Free Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Mathematical Education PDF by M. Zweng Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 725 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Henry O. Pollak Chairman of the International Program Committee Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, New Jersey, USA The Fourth International Congress on Mathematics Education was held in Berkeley, California, USA, August 10-16, 1980. Previous Congresses were held in Lyons in 1969, Exeter in 1972, and Karlsruhe in 1976. Attendance at Berkeley was about 1800 full and 500 associate members from about 90 countries; at least half of these come from outside of North America. About 450 persons participated in the program either as speakers or as presiders; approximately 40 percent of these came from the U.S. or Canada. There were four plenary addresses; they were delivered by Hans Freudenthal on major problems of mathematics education, Hermina Sinclair on the relationship between the learning of language and of mathematics, Seymour Papert on the computer as carrier of mathematical culture, and Hua Loo-Keng on popularising and applying mathematical methods. Gearge Polya was the honorary president of the Congress; illness prevented his planned attendence but he sent a brief presentation entitled, "Mathematics Improves the Mind". There was a full program of speakers, panelists, debates, miniconferences, and meetings of working and study groups. In addition, 18 major projects from around the world were invited to make presentations, and various groups representing special areas of concern had the opportunity to meet and to plan their future activities.
Download Free Practice-Oriented Research in Tertiary Mathematics Education PDF by Rolf Biehler Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2023-02-02 with total page 723 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This edited volume presents a broad range of original practice-oriented research studies about tertiary mathematics education. These are based on current theoretical frameworks and on established and innovative empirical research methods. It provides a relevant overview of current research, along with being a valuable resource for researchers in tertiary mathematics education, including novices in the field. Its practice orientation research makes it attractive to university mathematics teachers interested in getting access to current ideas and results, including theory-based and empirically evaluated teaching and learning innovations. The content of the book is spread over 5 sections: The secondary-tertiary transition; University students' mathematical practices and mathematical inquiry; Research on teaching and curriculum design; University students’ mathematical inquiry and Mathematics for non-specialists.
Download Free Responsive Teaching in Science and Mathematics PDF by Amy D. Robertson Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-10-05 with total page 306 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Answering calls in recent reform documents to shape instruction in response to students’ ideas while integrating key concepts and scientific and/or mathematical practices, this text presents the concept of responsive teaching, synthesizes existing research, and examines implications for both research and teaching. Case studies across the curriculum from elementary school through adult education illustrate the variety of forms this approach to instruction and learning can take, what is common among them, and how teachers and students experience it. The cases include intellectual products of students’ work in responsive classrooms and address assessment methods and issues. Many of the cases are supplemented with online resources (http://www.studentsthinking.org/rtsm) including classroom video and extensive transcripts, providing readers with additional opportunities to immerse themselves in responsive classrooms and to see for themselves what these environments look and feel like.
Download Free Teaching Numeracy PDF by Margie Pearse Full Book and published by Corwin Press. This book was released on 2011-03-23 with total page 241 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Do some of your students arrive at wildly wrong answers to mathematical problems, but have no idea why? If so, they are not alone. Many students lack basic numeracy?the ability to think through the math logically, solve problems, and apply it outside of the classroom. This book outlines nine critical thinking habits that foster numerate learning and details practical ways to incorporate those habits into instruction. Referencing the new common core standards, NCTM standards, and established literacy practices, the authors include "How Can I Use This in My Math Class...Tomorrow" applications throughout the book, which shows you how to: " Monitor and repair students' understanding " Guide students to recognize patterns " Represent mathematics non-linguistically " Encourage questioning for understanding " Develop students' mathematics vocabulary " Create a collaborative environment Latter chapters show how to develop numeracy-rich lesson plans, and provide several ready-to-use models with clear directions and student handouts. The book's practices, activities, and problems will help you move your students from simply "doing the math" to a deeper understanding of how to think through the math.
Download Free Indigenous Knowledge and Ethnomathematics PDF by Eric Vandendriessche Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2023-02-14 with total page 293 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book presents a series of ethnographic studies, which illustrate issues of wider importance, such as the role of cultural traditions, concepts and learning procedures in the development of formal (or mathematical) thinking outside of the western tradition. It focuses on research at the crossroads of anthropology and ethnomathematics to document indigenous mathematical knowledge and its inclusion in specific cultural patterns. More generally, the book demonstrates the heuristic value of crossing ethnographical, anthropological and ethnomathematical approaches to highlight and analyze—or "formalize" with a pedagogical outlook—indigenous mathematical knowledge. The book is divided into three parts. The first part extensively analyzes theoretical claims using particular ethnographic data, while revealing the structural mathematical features of different ludic, graphic, or technical/procedural practices in their links to other cultural phenomena. In the second part, new empirical studies that add data and perspectives from the body of studies on indigenous knowledge systems to the ongoing discussions in mathematics education in and for diverse cultural traditions are presented. This part considers, on the one hand, the Brazilian work in this field; on the other hand, it brings ethnographic innovation from other parts of the world. The third part comprises a broad philosophical discussion of the impact of intuitive or "ontological" premises on mathematical thinking and education in the light of recent developments within so-called indigenously inspired thinking. Finally, the editors’ conclusions aim to invite the broad and diversified field of scholars in this domain of research to seek alternative approaches for understanding mathematical reasoning and the adjacent adequate educational goals and means. This book is of interest to scholars and students in anthropology, ethnomathematics, history and philosophy of science, mathematics, and mathematics education, as well as other individuals interested in these topics.